Alejandro Lopez

Alejandro Lopez
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Alejandro Lopez
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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)

Publications Authored By Alejandro Lopez

We build a tight-binding Hamiltonian describing Co/Ni over graphene, contemplating ATOP (a Co/Ni atom on top of each Carbon atom of one graphene sublattice) and HCP (one Co/Ni atom per Graphene plaquette) configurations. For the ATOP configuration the orbitals involved, for the Co/Ni, are the $d_{z^2-r^2}$ which most strongly couple to one graphene sublattice and the $d_{xz}$, $d_{yz}$ orbitals that couple directly to the second sublattice site. Such configuration is diagonal in pseudo-spin and spin space, yielding electron doping of the graphene and antiferro-magnetic ordering in the primitive cell in agreement with DFT calculations. Read More

It has been suggested that unresolved radio galaxies and radio quasars (sometimes referred to as misaligned active galactic nuclei) could be responsible for a significant fraction of the observed diffuse gamma-ray background. In this study, we use the latest data from the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope to characterize the gamma-ray emission from a sample of 51 radio galaxies. In addition to those sources that had previously been detected using Fermi data, we report here the first statistically significant detection of gamma-ray emission from the radio galaxies 3C 212, 3C 411, and B3 0309+411B. Read More

The pseudoscalar resonance or "A-funnel" in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model~(MSSM) is a widely studied framework for explaining dark matter that can yield interesting indirect detection and collider signals. The well-known Galactic Center excess (GCE) at GeV energies in the gamma ray spectrum, consistent with annihilation of a $\lesssim 40$ GeV dark matter particle, has more recently been shown to be compatible with significantly heavier masses following reanalysis of the background. In this paper, we explore the LHC and direct detection implications of interpreting the GCE in this extended mass window within the MSSM A-funnel framework. Read More

It is shown that a Weakly Interacting Massive dark matter Particle (WIMP) interpretation for the positron excess observed in a variety of experiments, HEAT, PAMELA, and AMS-02, is highly constrained by the Fermi/LAT observations of dwarf galaxies. In particular, this paper has focused on the annihilation channels that best fit the current AMS-02 data (Boudaud et al., 2014). Read More

We present nanoscale explosives as a novel type of dark matter detector and study the ignition properties. When a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle WIMP from the Galactic Halo elastically scatters off of a nucleus in the detector, the small amount of energy deposited can trigger an explosion. For specificity, this paper focuses on a type of two-component explosive known as a nanothermite, consisting of a metal and an oxide in close proximity. Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) may constitute a large fraction of the matter in the Universe. There are excess events in the data of DAMA/LIBRA, CoGeNT, CRESST-II, and recently CDMS-Si, which could be consistent with WIMP masses of approximately 10 GeV/c2. However, for MDM > 10 GeV/c2 null results of the CDMS-Ge, XENON, and LUX detectors may be in tension with the potential detections for certain dark matter scenarios and assuming a certain light response. Read More

Inflation models ending in a first order phase transition produce gravitational waves (GW) via bubble collisions of the true vacuum phase. We demonstrate that these bubble collisions can leave an observable signature in Advanced LIGO, an upcoming ground-based GW experiment. These GW are dependent on two parameters of the inflationary model: $\varepsilon$ represents the energy difference between the false vacuum and the true vacuum of the inflaton potential, and $\chi$ measures how fast the phase transition ends ($\chi \sim$ the number of e-folds during the actual phase transition). Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) may constitute most of the matter in the Universe. The ability to detect the directionality of recoil nuclei will considerably facilitate detection of WIMPs. In this paper we propose a novel type of dark matter detector: detectors made of DNA or RNA could provide nanometer resolution for tracking, an energy threshold of 0. Read More

We investigate the response of a dense monodisperse quasi-two-dimensional (q2D) colloid suspension when a particle is dragged by a constant velocity optical trap. Consistent with microrheological studies of other geometries, the perturbation induces a leading density wave and trailing wake, and we use Stokesian Dynamics (SD) simulations to parse direct colloid-colloid and hydrodynamic interactions. We go on to analyze the underlying individual particle-particle collisions in the experimental images. Read More