# Abhishek Kr. Singh - Rice University

## Contact Details

NameAbhishek Kr. Singh |
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AffiliationRice University |
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CityWestport |
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CountryIreland |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesPhysics - Materials Science (13) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (9) High Energy Physics - Theory (9) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (7) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5) Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science (3) Physics - Optics (2) High Energy Physics - Lattice (2) Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (2) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1) Computer Science - Multimedia (1) Mathematical Physics (1) Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1) Computer Science - Programming Languages (1) Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (1) Physics - Superconductivity (1) Computer Science - Other (1) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1) |

## Publications Authored By Abhishek Kr. Singh

Browsers can detect malicious websites that are provisioned with forged or fake TLS/SSL certificates. However, they are not so good at detecting malicious websites if they are provisioned with mistakenly issued certificates or certificates that have been issued by a compromised certificate authority. Google proposed certificate transparency which is an open framework to monitor and audit certificates in real time. Read More

Based on first-principles study, we report the finding of a new topological semimetal LiBaBi in half-Heusler phase. The remarkable feature of this nonmagnetic, inversion-symmetry-breaking material is that it consists of only simple $s$- and $p$-block elements. Interestingly, the material is ordinary insulator in the absence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and becomes nodal-surface topological semimetal showing drumhead states when SOC is included. Read More

We present fully formalized proofs of some central theorems from combinatorics. These are Dilworth's decomposition theorem, Mirsky's theorem, Hall's marriage theorem and the Erd\H{o}s-Szekeres theorem. Dilworth's decomposition theorem is the key result among these. Read More

Separation Logic is an effective Program Logic for proving programs that involve pointers. Reasoning with pointers becomes difficult especially when there is aliasing arising due to several pointers to a given cell location. In this paper, we try to explore the problems with aliasing through some simple examples and introduce the notion of separating conjunction as a tool to deal with it. Read More

We present two fully mechanized proofs of Dilworths and Mirskys theorems in the Coq proof assistant. Dilworths Theorem states that in any finite partially ordered set (poset), the size of a smallest chain cover and a largest antichain are the same. Mirskys Theorem is a dual of Dilworths Theorem. Read More

Based on the first-principles calculations, we theoretically propose topologically non-trivial states in a recently experimentally discovered superconducting material CaSn$_3$. When the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is ignored, the material is a host to three-dimensional topological nodal-line semimetal states. Drumhead like surface states protected by the coexistence of time-reversal and mirror symmetry emerge within the two-dimensional regions of the surface Brillouin zone connecting the nodal lines. Read More

Structural, resistivity, thermoelectric power and magneto-transport properties of Cu doped Bi2Te3 topological insulators have been investigated. The occurrence of the tuning of charge carriers from n type to p type by Cu doping at Te sites of Bi2Te3 is observed both from Hall effect and thermoelectric power measurements. Carrier mobility decreases with the doping of Cu which provides evidence of the movement of Fermi level from bulk conduction band to the bulk valence band. Read More

Using the phonon Boltzmann transport formalism and density functional theory based calculations, we show that stanene has a low thermal conductivity. For a sample size of 1$\times$1 $\mu$m$^{2}$ ($L\times W$), the lattice thermal conductivities along the zigzag and armchair directions are 10.83 W/m-K and 9. Read More

Controlled variation of the electronic properties of 2D materials by applying strain has emerged as a promising way to design materials for customized applications. Using first principles density functional theory calculations, we show that while the electronic structure and indirect band gap of SnS$_\mathrm{2}$ do not change significantly with the number of layers, they can be reversibly tuned by applying biaxial tensile (BT), biaxial compressive (BC), and normal compressive (NC) strains. Mono to multilayered SnS$_\mathrm{2}$ exhibit a reversible semiconductor to metal transition (S-M) at strain values of 0. Read More

Phosphorene, a two-dimensional (2D) analog of black phosphorous, has been a subject of immense interest recently, due to its high carrier mobilities and a tunable bandgap. So far, tunability has been predicted to be obtained with very high compressive/tensile in-plane strains, and vertical electric field, which are difficult to achieve experimentally. Here, we show using density functional theory based calculations the possibility of tuning electronic properties by applying normal compressive strain in bilayer phosphorene. Read More

Using first principles density functional theory calculations, we show a semimetal to semiconducting electronic phase transition for bulk TiS 2 by applying uniform biaxial tensile strain. This electronic phase transition is triggered by charge transfer from Ti to S, which eventually reduces the overlap between Ti-(d) and S-(p) orbitals. The electronic transport calculations show a large anisotropy in electrical conductivity and thermopower, which is due to the difference in the effective masses along the in-plane and out of plane directions. Read More

We report here a photoconductive material for THz generation and detection with sub-picosecond carrier lifetime made by C12 (Carbon) irradiation on commercially available semi-insulating (SI) GaAs. We are able to reduce the carrier lifetime of SI-GaAs down to sub-picosecond by irradiating it with various irradiation dosages of Carbon (C12) ions. With an increase of the irradiation dose from ~1012 /cm2 to ~1015 /cm2 the carrier lifetime of SI-GaAs monotonously decreases to 0. Read More

We report here fabrication of interdigitated photoconductive antenna (iPCA) terahertz (THz) emitters based on plasmonic electrode design. Novel design of this iPCA enables it to work without microlens array focusing, which is otherwise required for photo excitation of selective photoconductive regions to avoid the destructive interference of emitted THz radiation from oppositely biased regions. Benefit of iPCA over single active region PCA is that photo excitation can be done at larger area, hence avoiding the saturation effected at higher optical excitation density. Read More

The sensitive dependence of electronic and thermoelectric properties of MoS$_2$ on the applied strain opens up a variety of applications in the emerging area of straintronics. Using first principles based density functional theory calculations, we show that the band gap of few layers of MoS$_2$ can be tuned by applying i) normal compressive (NC), ii) biaxial compressive (BC), and iii) biaxial tensile (BT) strain. A reversible semiconductor to metal transition (S-M transition) is observed under all three types of strain. Read More

We obtain axionic charged primordial black holes on a vacuum created gravitational pair of $(3{\bar 3})$-brane by the Kalb-Ramond field on a $D_4$-brane in presence of a background open string metric. The new geometries on an emergent pair of $(3{\bar 3})$-brane universe is shown to be influenced by the non-perturbative quantum effects underlying a geometric torsion in a second order formalism. The presence of small extra dimensions transverse to the pair in the formalism ensures dynamical scalar fields hidden to a $3$-brane or an anti 3-brane universe. Read More

A geometric torsion dynamics leading to an effective curvature in a second order formalism on a D4-brane is revisited with a renewed interest. We obtain two effective $AdS_4$ brane geometries on a vacuum created pair of $(D{\bar D})_3$-brane. One of them is shown to describe an AdS Schwarzschild spinning black hole and the other is shown to describe a spinning black hole bound state. Read More

We revisit an effective space-time torsion curvature in a second order formalism, underlying the non-linear $U(1)$ gauge dynamics, of a two form on a $D_4$-brane in type IIA superstring theory. The formalism incorporates the significance of a global NS two form into the theory via its perturbative coupling to a dynamical two form. In particular, we explore the non-linear gauge dynamics on a $D_4$-brane in presence of a non-trivial background metric. Read More

Temperature forecasting and rain forecasting in today's environment is playing a major role in many fields like transportation, tour planning and agriculture. The purpose of this paper is to provide a real time forecasting to the user according to their current position and requirement. The simplest method of forecasting the weather, persistence, relies upon today's conditions to forecast the conditions tomorrow i. Read More

We investigate some of the quantum gravity effects on a vacuum created pair of $(D{\bar D})_3$-brane by a non-linear $U(1)$ gauge theory on a $D_4$-brane. In particular we obtain a four dimensional quantum Kerr(Newman) black hole in an effective torsion curvature formalism sourced by a two form dynamics in the world-volume of a $D_4$-brane on $S^1$. Interestingly the event horizon is found to be independent of a non-linear electric charge and the $4D$ quantum black hole is shown to describe a degenerate vacua in string theory. Read More

We revisit a non-perturbative space-time curvature theory, underlying a two form U(1) gauge dynamics, on a D4-brane. In particular, two different gauge choices for a two form are explored underlying the dynamics of a geometric torsion in a second order formalism. We obtain two non-extremal quantum Kerr geometries in five dimensions on a pair of $(D{\bar D})_4$-brane in a type IIA superstring theory. Read More

We demonstrate here an efficient THz source with low electrical power consumption. We have increased the maximum THz radiation power emitted from SI-GaAs based photoconductive emitters by two orders of magnitude. By irradiating the SI-GaAs substrate with Carbon-ions up to 2 micron deep, we have created lot of defects and decreased the life time of photo-excited carriers inside the substrate. Read More

We investigate the thermoelectric properties of ${\beta}$-FeSi$_{\text2}$ using first principles electronic structure and Boltzmann transport calculations. We report a high thermopower for both \textit{p}- and \textit{n}-type ${\beta}$-FeSi$_{\text2}$ over a wide range of carrier concentration and in addition find the performance for \textit{n}-type to be higher than for the \textit{p}-type. Our results indicate that, depending upon temperature, a doping level of 3$\times10{^{20}}$ - 2$\times10{^{21}}$ cm${^{-3}}$ may optimize the thermoelectric performance. Read More

We study the effect of a surface modification at the interface between metallic electrodes and semiconducting substrate in Semi-Insulating GaAs (SI-GaAs) based photoconductive emitters (PCE) on the emission of Tera-Hertz (THz) radiation. We partially etch out 500 nm thick layer of SI-GaAs in grating like pattern with various periods before the contact deposition. By depositing the electrodes on the patterned surface, the electrodes follow the contour of the grating period. Read More

We obtain a Schwarzschild and a Reissner-Nordstrom emergent black holes, by exploring the torsion dynamics in a generalized curvature formulation, underlying an effective D4-brane on S1. It is shown that a constant effective metric, sourced by a background fluctuation in B2-potential, on a D3-brane receives a dynamical quantum correction in presence of an electric charge. Read More

The U(1) gauge dynamics on a D4-brane is revisited, with a two form, to construct an effective curvature theory in a second order formalism. We exploit the local degrees in a two form, and modify its dynamics in a gauge invariant way, to incorporate a non-perturbative metric fluctuation in an effective D4-brane. Interestingly, the near horizon D4-brane is shown to describe an asymptotic Anti de Sitter (AdS) in a semi-classical regime. Read More

Using first-principles calculations we show that the band gap of bilayer sheets of semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) can be reduced smoothly by applying vertical compressive pressure. These materials undergo a universal reversible semiconductor to metal (S-M) transition at a critical pressure. S-M transition is attributed to lifting the degeneracy of the bands at fermi level caused by inter-layer interactions via charge transfer from metal to chalcogens. Read More

Data inconsistencies are present in the data collected over a large wireless sensor network (WSN), usually deployed for any kind of monitoring applications. Before passing this data to some WSN applications for decision making, it is necessary to ensure that the data received are clean and accurate. In this paper, we have used a statistical tool to examine the past data to fit in a highly sophisticated prediction model i. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Rice University,

^{2}Rice University,

^{3}Rice University,

^{4}Rice University

Using ab initio methods we have investigated the fluorination of graphene and find that different stoichiometric phases can be formed without a nucleation barrier, with the complete "2D-Teflon" CF phase being thermodynamically most stable. The fluorinated graphene is an insulator and turns out to be a perfect matrix-host for patterning nanoroads and quantum dots of pristine graphene. The electronic and magnetic properties of the nanoroads can be tuned by varying the edge orientation and width. Read More

Kaluza-Klein gravity is revisted, with renewed interest, in a type IIB string theory on $S^1\times K3$. The irreducible curvature tensors are worked out in the, T-dual, emergent gravity in 4D to yield a non-linear U(1) gauge theory. Interestingly, the T-duality may be seen to describe an open/closed string duality at a self-dual string coupling. Read More

A covariantly constant dynamical two-form is exploited on a $D_3$-brane to obtain its gravity dual action, governing an $S^3$ deformed $AdS_5$ black hole, in a type IIB string theory on $S^1\times K3$. We invoke the Kaluza-Klein compactification to work out the open/closed string duality. Interestingly, the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole is obtained on the "non-Reimannian" braneworld. Read More

The recent advent in the field of multimedia proposed a many facilities in transport, transmission and manipulation of data. Along with this advancement of facilities there are larger threats in authentication of data, its licensed use and protection against illegal use of data. A lot of digital image watermarking techniques have been designed and implemented to stop the illegal use of the digital multimedia images. Read More

Using first-principles density functional calculations, we study the possible phases of CeMnNi$_{4}$ and show that the ground state is ferromagnetic. We observed the hexagonal phase to be lowest in energy whereas experimentally observed cubic phase lies slightly higher in energy. We optimized the structure in both phases and in all different magnetic states to explore the possibility of the structural and magnetic phase transitions at ground state. Read More