# Abbey Bourdon

## Publications Authored By Abbey Bourdon

We prove three theorems on torsion points and Galois representations for complex multiplication (CM) elliptic curves over number fields. The first theorem is a sharp version of Serre's Open Image Theorem in the CM case. The second theorem determines the degrees in which a CM elliptic curve has a rational point of order $N$, provided the field of definition contains the CM field. Read More

Let $\mathscr{G}_{\rm CM}(d)$ denote the collection of groups (up to isomorphism) that appear as the torsion subgroup of a CM elliptic curve over a degree $d$ number field. We completely determine $\mathscr{G}_{\rm CM}(d)$ for odd integers $d$ and deduce a number of statistical theorems about the behavior of torsion subgroups of CM elliptic curves. Here are three examples: (1) For each odd $d$, the set of natural numbers $d'$ with $\mathscr{G}_{\rm CM}(d') = \mathscr{G}_{\rm CM}(d)$ possesses a well-defined, positive asymptotic density. Read More

Let $T_{\mathrm{CM}}(d)$ denote the maximum size of a torsion subgroup of a CM elliptic curve over a degree $d$ number field. We initiate a systematic study of the asymptotic behavior of $T_{\mathrm{CM}}(d)$ as an "arithmetic function". Whereas a recent result of the last two authors computes the upper order of $T_{\mathrm{CM}}(d)$, here we determine the lower order, the typical order and the average order of $T_{\mathrm{CM}}(d)$ as well as study the number of isomorphism classes of groups $G$ of order $T_{\mathrm{CM}}(d)$ which arise as the torsion subgroup of a CM elliptic curve over a degree $d$ number field. Read More

We study torsion subgroups of elliptic curves with complex multiplication (CM) defined over number fields which admit a real embedding. We give a complete classification of the groups which arise up to isomorphism as the torsion subgroup of a CM elliptic curve defined over a number field of odd degree: there are infinitely many. Restricting to the case of prime degree, we show that there are only finitely many isomorphism classes. Read More

Let A be an abelian variety defined over a number field F. For a prime number $\ell$, we consider the field extension of F generated by the $\ell$-powered torsion points of A. According to a conjecture made by Rasmussen and Tamagawa, if we require these fields to be both a pro-$\ell$ extension of $F(\mu_{\ell^{\infty}})$ and unramified away from $\ell$, examples are quite rare. Read More