# A. Petrosyan - Phys-ENS

## Contact Details

NameA. Petrosyan |
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AffiliationPhys-ENS |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesPhysics - Statistical Mechanics (15) High Energy Physics - Experiment (14) Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (10) Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (7) Physics - Fluid Dynamics (6) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (5) Nuclear Experiment (5) Physics - Plasma Physics (4) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4) Physics - Space Physics (3) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (2) Physics - Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (2) Mathematical Physics (2) Physics - Computational Physics (2) Mathematics - Functional Analysis (2) Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics (1) Mathematics - Spectral Theory (1) Computer Science - Numerical Analysis (1) Physics - Optics (1) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1) |

## Publications Authored By A. Petrosyan

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, S. Belostotski, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, V. Bryzgalov, G. P. Capitani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Düren, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, S. V. Goloskokov, Y. Holler, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, P. Kroll, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, W. Lorenzon, S. I. Manaenkov, B. Marianski, H. Marukyan, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, A. Nass, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Statera, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Yaschenko, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Exclusive $\rho^0$-meson electroproduction is studied by the HERMES
experiment, using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron/positron beam
of HERA and a transversely polarized hydrogen target, in the kinematic region
1.0 GeV$^2$Read More

We report the observation of a temperature-controlled synchronization of two Brownian-particles in a binary mixture close to the critical point of the demixing transition. The two beads are trapped by two optical tweezers whose distance is periodically modulated. We notice that the motion synchronization of the two beads appears when the critical temperature is approached. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS,

^{4}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

We analytically study the role of nonconservative forces, namely viscous couplings, on the statistical properties of the energy flux between two Brownian particles kept at different temperatures. From the dynamical model describing the system, we identify an energy flow that satisfies a fluctuation theorem both in the stationary and in transient states. In particular, for the specific case of a linear nonconservative interaction, we derive an exact fluctuation theorem that holds for any measurement time in the transient regime, and which involves the energy flux alone. Read More

The effect of a change of noise amplitudes in overdamped diffusive systems is linked to their unperturbed behavior by means of a nonequilibrium fluctuation-response relation. This formula holds also for systems with state-independent nontrivial diffusivity matrices, as we show with an application to an experiment of two trapped and hydrodynamically coupled colloids, one of which is subject to an external random forcing that mimics an effective temperature. The nonequilibrium susceptibility of the energy to a variation of this driving is an example of our formulation, which improves an earlier version, as it does not depend on the time-discretization of the stochastic dynamics. Read More

We review some of the recent developments and prove new results concerning frames and Bessel systems generated by iterations of the form $\{A^ng: g\in G,\, n=0,1,2,\dots \}$, where $A$ is a bounded linear operators on a separable complex Hilbert space $ \mathcal{H} $ and $G$ is a countable set of vectors in $ \mathcal{H} $. The system of iterations mentioned above was motivated from the so called dynamical sampling problem. In dynamical sampling, an unknown function $f$ and its future states $A^nf$ are coarsely sampled at each time level $n$, $0\leq n< L$, where $A$ is an evolution operator that drives the system. Read More

**Authors:**Anne Le Cunuder

^{1}, Ignacio Martinez

^{2}, Artyom Petrosyan

^{3}, David Guéry-Odelin

^{4}, Emmanuel Trizac

^{5}, Sergio Ciliberto

^{6}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS,

^{4}LPTMS,

^{5}LPTMS,

^{6}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

We demonstrate an accurate method to control the motion of a micromechanical oscillator in contact with a thermal bath. The experiment is carried out on the cantilever tip of an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). Applying an appropriate time dependent external force, we decrease the time necessary to reach equilibrium by two orders of magnitude compared to the intrinsic equilibration time. Read More

Let $A$ be a normal operator in a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, and let $\mathcal{G} \subset \mathcal{H}$ be a countable set of vectors. We investigate the relations between $A$, $\mathcal{G}$ , and $L$ that makes the system of iterations $\{A^ng: g\in \mathcal{G},\;0\leq n< L(g)\}$ complete, Bessel, a basis, or a frame for $\mathcal{H}$. The problem is motivated by the dynamical sampling problem and is connected to several topics in functional analysis, including, frame theory and spectral theory. Read More

We prove the boundedness of the time derivative in the parabolic Signorini problem, as well as establish its H\"older continuity at regular free boundary points. Read More

**Authors:**Ignacio Martinez

^{1}, Artyom Petrosyan

^{2}, David Guéry-Odelin

^{3}, Emmanuel Trizac

^{4}, Sergio Ciliberto

^{5}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}LPTMS,

^{4}LPTMS,

^{5}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

A fundamental and intrinsic property of any device or natural system is its relaxation time relax, which is the time it takes to return to equilibrium after the sudden change of a control parameter [1]. Reducing $tau$ relax , is frequently necessary, and is often obtained by a complex feedback process. To overcome the limitations of such an approach, alternative methods based on driving have been recently demonstrated [2, 3], for isolated quantum and classical systems [4--9]. Read More

This letter discusses rotating magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) of a thin layer of astrophysical plasma. To describe a thin plasma layer with a free surface in a vertical external magnetic field we use the shallow water ap- proximation. The presence of a vertical magnetic field essentially changed the wave processes dynamics in astrophysical plasma compared to the neu- tral uid and plasma layer in a thoroidal magnetic field. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS,

^{4}Phys-ENS

We experimentally study the statistical properties of the energy fluxes between two trapped Brownian particles, interacting through dissipative hydrodynamic coupling, submitted to an effective temperature difference $\Delta T$, obtained by random forcing the position of one trap. We identify effective heat fluxes between the two particles and show that they satisfy an exchange fluctuation theorem (xFT) in the stationary state. We also show that after the sudden application of a temperature gradient $\Delta T$, \resub{the total} hot-cold flux satisfies \resub{a} transient xFT for any integration time whereas \resub{the total} cold-hot flux only does it asymptotically for long times. Read More

We establish the $C^{1+\gamma}$-H\"older regularity of the regular free boundary in the stationary obstacle problem defined by the fractional Laplace operator with drift in the subcritical regime. Our method of the proof consists in proving a new monotonicity formula and an epiperimetric inequality. Both tools generalizes the original ideas of G. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS,

^{4}Phys-ENS

We study the fluctuations of a Brownian micro particle trapped with optical tweezers in a gelatin solution undergoing a fast local temperature quench below the sol-gel transition. Contrary to what was previously reported, we observe no anomalous fluctuations in the particle's position that could be interpreted in terms of an effective temperature. A careful analysis with ensemble averages shows only equilibrium-like properties for the fluctuations, even though the system is clearly aging. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, A. Avetissian, S. Belostotski, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, V. Bryzgalov, G. P. Capitani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, D. Hasch, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, H. Marukyan, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, C. Vogel, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, S. Yen, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Hard exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons is studied with the HERMES spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off a transversely polarized hydrogen target. The amplitudes of five azimuthal modulations of the single-spin asymmetry of the cross section with respect to the transverse proton polarization are measured. Read More

Motivated by a nonlocal free boundary problem, we study uniform properties of solutions to a singular perturbation problem for a boundary-reaction-diffusion equation, where the reaction term is of combustion type. This boundary problem is related to the fractional Laplacian. After an optimal uniform H\"older regularity is shown, we pass to the limit to study the free boundary problem it leads to. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}ILM,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS,

^{4}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

The Modified Fluctuation Dissipation Theorem (MFDT) proposed by G. Verley et al. {\it (EPL 93, 10002, (2011))} for non equilibrium transient states is experimentally studied. Read More

**Authors:**HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, E. Etzelmüller, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, J. Garay García, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, X. -G. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stahl, M. Stancari, M. Statera, J. J. M. Steijger, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Bose-Einstein correlations of like-sign charged hadrons produced in deep-inelastic electron and positron scattering are studied in the HERMES experiment using nuclear targets of $^1$H, $^2$H, $^3$He, $^4$He, N, Ne, Kr, and Xe. A Gaussian approach is used to parametrize a two-particle correlation function determined from events with at least two charged hadrons of the same sign charge. This correlation function is compared to two different empirical distributions that do not include the Bose-Einstein correlations. Read More

**Authors:**Mark S. Miesch

^{1}, William H. Matthaeus

^{2}, Axel Brandenburg

^{3}, Arakel Petrosyan

^{4}, Annick Pouquet

^{5}, Claude Cambon

^{6}, Frank Jenko

^{7}, Dmitri Uzdensky

^{8}, James Stone

^{9}, Steve Tobias

^{10}, Juri Toomre

^{11}, Marco Velli

^{12}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}HAO/NCAR,

^{2}Univ. Deleware,

^{3}Nordita,

^{4}Space Res. Inst., Russia,

^{5}NCAR,

^{6}LMFA, Lyon,

^{7}UCLA,

^{8}Univ. Colorado,

^{9}Princeton Univ.,

^{10}Univ. Leeds,

^{11}JILA/Univ. Colorado,

^{12}JPL/Caltech

We live in an age in which high-performance computing is transforming the way we do science. Previously intractable problems are now becoming accessible by means of increasingly realistic numerical simulations. One of the most enduring and most challenging of these problems is turbulence. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

We present an experiment in which a one-bit memory is constructed, using a system of a single colloidal particle trapped in a modulated double-well potential. We measure the amount of heat dissipated to erase a bit and we establish that in the limit of long erasure cycles the mean dissipated heat saturates at the Landauer bound, i.e. Read More

**Authors:**Clémence Devailly

^{1}, Caroline Crauste-Thibierge

^{2}, Artyom Petrosyan

^{3}, Sergio Ciliberto

^{4}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS,

^{4}Phys-ENS

We report here the observation of a surprising phenomenon consisting in a oscillating phase transition which appears in a binary mixture, PMMA/3-octanone, when this is enlightened by a strongly focused infrared laser beam. PMMA/3-octanone has a UCST (Upper Critical Solution Temperature) which presents a critical point at temperature Tc = 306.6 K and volume fraction $\phi$c = 12. Read More

In this paper we establish the $C^{1,\beta}$ regularity of the regular part of the free boundary in the Signorini problem for elliptic operators with variable Lipschitz coefficients. This work is a continuation of the recent paper [GSVG14], where two of us established the interior optimal regularity of the solution. Two of the central results of the present work are a new monotonicity formula and a new epiperimetric inequality. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, P. Di Nezza, G. Elbakian, E. Etzelmüller, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, J. Garay García, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, X. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, E. Nappi, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, M. Stancari, J. J. M. Steijger, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, H. Ye, Z. Ye, S. Yen, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

The earlier search at HERMES for narrow baryon states excited in quasi-real photoproduction, decaying through the channel $pK_S^0\rightarrow p\pi^+\pi^-$, has been extended with improved decay-particle reconstruction, more advanced particle identification, and increased event samples. The structure observed earlier at an invariant mass of 1528 MeV shifts to 1522 MeV and the statistical significance drops to about 2$\sigma$ for data taken with a deuterium target. The number of events above background is $68_{-31}^{+98}\text{(stat)}\pm13\text{(sys)}$. Read More

We study the Signorini problem near a fixed boundary, where the solution is "clamped down" or "glued." We show that in general the solutions are at least $C^{1/2}$ regular and that this regularity is sharp. We prove that near the actual points of contact of the free boundary with the fixed one the blowup solutions must have homogeneity $\kappa\geq 3/2$, while at the non-contact points the homogeneity must take one of the values: $1/2, 3/2, \ldots, m-1/2, \ldots$. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Soft Condensed Matter

We measure the energy exchanged between two hydrodynamically coupled micron-sized Brownian particles trapped in water by two optical tweezers. The system is driven out of equilibrium by random forcing the position of one of the two particles. The forced particle behaves as it has an "effective temperature" higher than that of the other bead. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, W. Augustyniak, A. Avetissian, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, V. Bryzgalov, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, E. Etzelmüller, R. Fabbri, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, H. Marukyan, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, A. Rostomyan, D. Ryckbosch, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, M. Stahl, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, S. Yen, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons on unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets is studied in the kinematic region of Q$^2$>1.0 GeV$^2$, 3.0 GeV < W < 6. Read More

In this paper we study the higher regularity of the free boundary for the elliptic Signorini problem. By using a partial hodograph-Legendre transformation we show that the regular part of the free boundary is real analytic. The first complication in the study is the invertibility of the hodograph transform (which is only $C^{0,1/2}$) which can be overcome by studying the precise asymptotic behavior of the solutions near regular free boundary points. Read More

Thermodynamic equations for a solid and a solid continuum under stress are derived on the basis of a multicomponent mean field Markov process for thermofluctuation kinetics of microcracks. The resulting continuum is viscous elastoplastic continuum with damage. It can radiate elastic waves . Read More

We prove existence, uniqueness and optimal regularity of solutions to the stationary obstacle problem defined by the fractional Laplacian operator with drift, in the subcritical regime. We localize our problem by considering a suitable extension operator introduced by L. Caffarelli and L. Read More

We prove forward and backward parabolic boundary Harnack principles for nonnegative solutions of the heat equation in the complements of thin parabolic Lipschitz sets given as subgraphs $E=\{(x,t): x_{n-1}\leq f(x'',t),x_n=0\}\subset \mathbb{R}^{n-1}\times\mathbb{R} $ for parabolically Lipschitz functions $f$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n-2}\times\mathbb{R}$. We are motivated by applications to parabolic free boundary problems with thin (i.e co-dimension two) free boundaries. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, E. Etzelmüller, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, J. Garay García, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, H. Marukyan, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, M. Stahl, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, C. Vogel, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

An earlier extraction from the HERMES experiment of the polarization-averaged parton distribution of strange quarks in the nucleon has been reevaluated using final data on the multiplicities of charged kaons in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering obtained with a kinematically more comprehensive method of correcting for experimental effects. General features of the distribution are confirmed, but the rise at low x is less pronounced than previously reported. Read More

In present study, we discuss results of applicability of discrete filters for large eddy simulation (LES) method of forced compressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulent flows with the scale-similarity model. Influences and effects of discrete filter shapes on the scale-similarity model are examined in physical space using a finite-difference numerical schemes. We restrict ourselves to the Gaussian filter and the top-hat filter. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Single-spin asymmetries were investigated in inclusive electroproduction of charged pions and kaons from transversely polarized protons at the HERMES experiment. The asymmetries were studied as a function of the azimuthal angle $\psi$ about the beam direction between the target-spin direction and the hadron production plane, the transverse hadron momentum relative to the direction of the incident beam, and the Feynman variable $x_F$. The $\sin(\psi)$ amplitudes are positive for positive pions and kaons, slightly negative for negative pions and consistent with zero for negative kaons, with particular transverse-momentum but weak $x_F$ dependences. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, H. P. Blok, H. Böttcher, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodski, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, E. Etzelmüller, R. Fabbri, S. Frullani, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, J. Garay García, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, W. Lorenzon, X. -G. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, M. Stahl, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, V. Zagrebelnyy, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

The beam-helicity asymmetry in associated electroproduction of real photons, $ep\to e\gamma \pi N$, in the $\Delta$(1232)-resonance region is measured using the longitudinally polarized HERA positron beam and an unpolarized hydrogen target. Azimuthal Fourier amplitudes of this asymmetry are extracted separately for two channels, $ep\to e\gamma \pi^0 p$ and $ep\to e\gamma \pi^+ n$, from a data set collected with a recoil detector. All asymmetry amplitudes are found to be consistent with zero. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

We report experimental and numerical evidences that the dynamics of the director of a liquid crystal driven by an electric field close to the critical point of the Fr\'eedericksz Transition(FT) is not described by a Landau-Ginzburg (LG) equation as it is usually done in literature. The reasons are related to the very crude approximations done to obtain this equation, to the finite value of the anchoring energy and to small asymmetries on boundary conditions. We also discuss the difference between the use of LG equation for the statics and the dynamics. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Soft Condensed Matter

In this paper we report a new method for determining the critical threshold of the Fr\'eedericksz transition driven by an electric field. It is based on the measurement of the amplitude of the molecule fluctuations as a function of the voltage difference applied to a planar nematic cell. The precise measurement of the director fluctuations of the liquid crystal is made possible by the use of a very precise and sensitive polarization interferometer. Read More

We give a comprehensive treatment of the parabolic Signorini problem based on a generalization of Almgren's monotonicity of the frequency. This includes the proof of the optimal regularity of solutions, classification of free boundary points, the regularity of the regular set and the structure of the singular set. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

A single bit memory system is made with a brownian particle held by an optical tweezer in a double-well potential and the work necessary to erase the memory is measured. We show that the minimum of this work is close to the Landauer's bound only for very slow erasure procedure. Instead a detailed Jarzynski equality allows us to retrieve the Landauer's bound independently on the speed of this erasure procedure. Read More

**Authors:**HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodski, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, A. Izotov, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, N. Kobayashi, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, B. Maiheu, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfré, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, I. Vilardi, C. Vogel, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Multiplicities in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering are presented for each charge state of \pi^\pm and K^\pm mesons. The data were collected by the HERMES experiment at the HERA storage ring using 27.6 GeV electron and positron beams incident on a hydrogen or deuterium gas target. Read More

We study minimizers of the functional $$ \int_{B_1^+}|\nabla u|^2 x_n^a\,d x +2\int_{B_1'} (\lambda_+ u^++\lambda_- u^-)\,d x', $$ for $a\in(-1,1)$. The problem arises in connection with heat flow with control on the boundary. It can also be seen as a non-local analogue of the, by now well studied, two-phase obstacle problem. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodski, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, E. Etzelmüller, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, I. M. Gregor, H. Guler, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, B. Krauss, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, S. Lu, X. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfré, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, A. Osborne, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, L. Rubacek, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, B. Seitz, C. Shearer, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

The beam-helicity asymmetry in exclusive electroproduction of real photons by the longitudinally polarized HERA positron beam scattering off an unpolarized hydrogen target is measured at HERMES. The asymmetry arises from deeply virtual Compton scattering and its interference with the Bethe--Heitler process. Azimuthal amplitudes of the beam-helicity asymmetry are extracted from a data sample consisting of $ep\rightarrow ep\gamma$ events with detection of all particles in the final state including the recoiling proton. Read More

**Authors:**HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfré, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, M. Stancari, M. Statera, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, A. Vandenbroucke, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

The azimuthal cos{\phi} and cos2{\phi} modulations of the distribution of hadrons produced in unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of electrons and positrons off hydrogen and deuterium targets have been measured in the HERMES experiment. For the first time these modulations were determined in a four-dimensional kinematic space for positively and negatively charged pions and kaons separately, as well as for unidentified hadrons. These azimuthal dependences are sensitive to the transverse motion and polarization of the quarks within the nucleon via, e. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, Y. Imazu, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, N. Kobayashi, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfré, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

Beam-helicity and beam-charge asymmetries in the hard exclusive leptoproduction of real photons from an unpolarised hydrogen target by a 27.6 GeV lepton beam are extracted from the HERMES data set of 2006-2007 using a missing-mass event selection technique. The asymmetry amplitudes extracted from this data set are more precise than those extracted from the earlier data set of 1996-2005 previously analysed in the same manner by HERMES. Read More

**Authors:**The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfré, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, A. Vandenbroucke, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

A measurement of the virtual-photon asymmetry A_2(x,Q^2) and of the spin-structure function g_2(x,Q^2) of the proton are presented for the kinematic range 0.004 < x < 0.9 and 0. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

We measure the fluctuations of the position of a Brownian particle confined by an optical trap in an aging gelatin droplet after a fast quench. Its linear response to an external perturbation is also measured. We compute the spontaneous heat flux from the particle to the bath due to the nonequilibrium formation of the gel. Read More

**Authors:**HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodski, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, L. Grigoryan, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, N. Kobayashi, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, X. -G. Lu, X. -R. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfré, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, A. Vandenbroucke, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, C. Vogel, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

Hadron multiplicities in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering were measured on neon, krypton and xenon targets relative to deuterium at an electron(positron)-beam energy of 27.6 GeV at HERMES. These ratios were determined as a function of the virtual-photon energy nu, its virtuality Q2, the fractional hadron energy z and the transverse hadron momentum with respect to the virtual-photon direction pt . Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

We measure the energy fluctuations of a Brownian particle confined by an optical trap in an aging gelatin after a very fast quench (less than 1 ms). The strong nonequilibrium fluctuations due to the assemblage of the gel, are interpreted, within the framework of fluctuation theorem, as a heat flux from the particle towards the bath. We derive, from a simple model, an analytical expression of the heat probability distribution, which fits the experimental data and satisfies a fluctuation relation similar to that of a system in contact with two baths at different temperatures. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Phys-ENS,

^{2}Phys-ENS,

^{3}Phys-ENS

**Category:**Physics - Statistical Mechanics

We study the effects of the finite number of experimental data on the computation of a generalized fluctuation-dissipation relation around a nonequilibrium steady state of a Brownian particle in a toroidal optical trap. We show that the finite sampling has two different effects, which can give rise to a poor estimate of the linear response function. The first concerns the accessibility of the generalized fluctuation-dissipation relation due to the finite number of actual perturbations imposed to the control parameter. Read More

The magnetohydrodynamic equations system for heavy fluid over an arbitrary surface in shallow water approximation is studied in the present paper. It is shown that simple wave solutions exist only for underlying surfaces that are slopes of constant inclination. All self-similar discontinuous and continuous solutions are found. Read More

Finite-volume numerical method for study shallow water flows over an arbitrary bed profile in the presence of external force is proposed. This method uses the quasi-two-layer model of hydrodynamic flows over a stepwise boundary with advanced consideration of the flow features near the step. A distinctive feature of the suggested model is a separation of a studied flow into two layers in calculating flow quantities near each step, and improving by this means approximation of depth-averaged solutions of the initial three-dimensional Euler equations. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Nordita,

^{2}Russian Space Research Institute

The decay of kinetic helicity is studied in numerical models of forced turbulence using either an externally imposed forcing function as an inhomogeneous term in the equations or, alternatively, a term linear in the velocity giving rise to a linear instability. The externally imposed forcing function injects energy at the largest scales, giving rise to a turbulent inertial range with nearly constant energy flux while for linearly forced turbulence the spectral energy is maximum near the dissipation wavenumber. Kinetic helicity is injected once a statistically steady state is reached, but it is found to decay on a turbulent time scale regardless of the nature of the forcing and the value of the Reynolds number. Read More