A. Larionov - Frankfurt University, FIAS and Kurchatov Inst., Moscow

A. Larionov
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A. Larionov
Frankfurt University, FIAS and Kurchatov Inst., Moscow

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Pub Categories

Nuclear Theory (41)
Nuclear Experiment (15)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (14)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (7)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
Quantum Physics (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Physics - Other (1)

Publications Authored By A. Larionov

This workshop aimed at producing an optimized photon source concept with potential increase of scientific output at Jefferson Lab, and at refining the science for hadron physics experiments benefitting from such a high-intensity photon source. The workshop brought together the communities directly using such sources for photo-production experiments, or for conversion into $K_L$ beams. The combination of high precision calorimetry and high intensity photon sources greatly enhances scientific benefit to (deep) exclusive processes like wide-angle and time-like Compton scattering. Read More

The hypernucleus production reaction $\bar p + {}^AZ \to {}^A_\Lambda(Z-1) + \bar{\Lambda}$ in the beam momentum range 1.5-20 GeV/c is addressed theoretically as a coherent process. The calculations are based on a covariant $t$-channel meson exchange model for the elementary $\bar p p \to \bar\Lambda \Lambda$ annihilation amplitude with parameters fixed by comparison with empirical data. Read More

We perform Glauber model calculations of the antiproton-nucleus elastic and quasielastic scattering and absorption in the beam momentum range $\sim 0.5\div10$ GeV/c. A good agreement of our calculations with available LEAR data and with earlier Glauber model studies of the $\bar p A$ elastic scattering allows us to make predictions at the beam momenta of $\sim 10$ GeV/c, i. Read More

We demonstrate that studies of the semiexclusive large angle photon - nucleus reactions: $\gamma + A\to h_1+h_2 +(A-1)^*$ with tagged photon beams of energies $6 \div 10$ GeV which can be performed in Hall D at Thomas Jefferson National Acceleration Facility (TJNAF) would allow to probe several aspects of the QCD dynamics: establish the $t$-range in which transition from soft to hard dynamics occurs, compare the strength of the interaction of various mesons and baryons with nucleons at the energies of few GeV, as well as look for the color transparency effects. Read More

We argue that the observation of the color transparency effect in the semiexclusive $A(\pi^-,l^+ l^-)$ process is important for determining whether it is possible to extract the generalized parton distributions of the nucleon from the elementary reaction $\pi^- p \to l^+ l^- n$ at $p_{\rm lab}=15-20$ GeV/c at small $|t|$ and large invariant mass of the dilepton pair $l^+ l^-$. Assuming that the transverse size of the pionic $q \bar q$ pair in the hard interaction point is similar to the one in the reaction $\gamma^* p\to \pi^+ n$ studied at JLab we predict large color transparency effects in the discussed kinematic range. We also suggest that the semiexclusive $\rho^0$ production in $\pi^-$-induced reactions in the same beam momentum region may provide new information on the dynamics of the interaction in the non-vacuum channel, while the $J/\psi$ production can be used to get information on $J/\psi N$ total interaction cross section. Read More

The present day experimental data on the $X(3872)$ decays do not allow to make clear conclusions on the dominating structure of this state. We discuss here an alternative way to study its structure by means of the two-step $\bar D^*$ (or $D$) production in $\bar p A$ reactions. If this process is mediated by $X(3872)$, the characteristic narrow peaks of the $\bar D^*$ (or $D$) distributions in the light cone momentum fraction at small transverse momenta will appear. Read More

Experimental and theoretical studies of the coherent spin dynamics of two-dimensional GaAs/AlGaAs electron gas were performed. The system in the quantum Hall ferromagnet state exhibits a spin relaxation mechanism that is determined by many-particle Coulomb interactions. In addition to the spin exciton with changes in the spin quantum numbers of $\delta S\!=\!\delta S_z \!=\!-1$, the quantum Hall ferromagnet supports a Goldstone spin exciton that changes the spin quantum numbers to $\delta S\!=\!0$ and $\delta S_z\!=\!-1$, which corresponds to a coherent spin rotation of the entire electron system to a certain angle. Read More

Currently, the structure of the $X(3872)$ meson is unknown. Different competing models of the $c\bar c$ exotic state $X(3872)$ exist, including the possibilities that this state is either a mesonic molecule with dominating $D^0 \bar D^{*0} +c.c. Read More

The production of charmonia in the antiproton-nucleus reactions at $p_{\rm lab}=3-10$ GeV/c is studied within the Glauber model and the generalized eikonal approximation. The main reaction channel is charmonium formation in an antiproton-proton collision. The target mass dependence of the charmonium transparency ratio allows to determine the charmonium-nucleon cross section. Read More

Antiproton-induced reactions on nuclei at the beam energies from hundreds MeV up to several GeV provide an excellent opportunity to study interactions of the antiproton and secondary particles (mesons, baryons and antibaryons) with nucleons. Antiproton projectile is unique in the sense that most of annihilation particles are relatively slow in the target nucleus frame. Hence, the prehadronic effects do not much influence their interactions with the nucleons of the nuclear residue. Read More

Starting from the Feynman diagram representation of multiple scattering we consider the polarized $\chi_c$(1P)-charmonia production in antiproton-nucleus reactions close to the threshold ($p_{\rm lab}=5-7$ GeV/c). The rescattering and absorption of the incoming antiproton and outgoing charmonium on nucleons are taken into account, including the possibility of the elastic and nondiagonal (flavor-conserving) scattering $\chi_{cJ} N \to \chi_{cJ^\prime} N$, $J,J^\prime=0,1,2$. The elementary amplitudes of the latter processes are evaluated by expanding the physical $\chi_c$-states in the Clebsch-Gordan series of the $c \bar c$ states with fixed values of internal orbital angular momentum ($L_z$) and spin projections on the $\chi_c$ momentum axis. Read More

The J/\Psi(1S) and \Psi'(2S) production near threshold in antiproton-nucleus reactions is calculated on the basis of the Glauber model. The model takes into account the antiproton (pre)absorption, proton Fermi motion, and charmonium formation length. We confirm earlier prediction that the charmonium production in $\bar pA$ collisions at $p_{lab}=3-10$ GeV/c is not influenced by formation length effects and is very well suited to determine the genuine charmonium-nucleon dissociation cross sections. Read More

We study strangeness dynamics in reactions relevant for the formation of multi-strange hypernuclei. In particular, we discuss the in-medium effects on elementary hyperon-nucleon ($YN$) channels, which are relevant for the production of hypernuclei at PANDA. The results indicate strong in-medium effects on $YN$-scattering, which might be important for hypernuclear studies at PANDA. Read More

The results of the microscopic transport calculations of $\bar p$-nucleus interactions within a GiBUU model are presented. The dominating mechanism of hyperon production is the strangeness exchange processes $\bar K N \to Y \pi$ and $\bar K N \to \Xi K$. The calculated rapidity spectra of $\Xi$ hyperons are significantly shifted to forward rapidities with respect to the spectra of $S=-1$ hyperons. Read More

Antiproton annihilations on nuclei provide a very interesting way to study the behaviour of strange particles in the nuclear medium. In low energy $\bar p$ annihilations, the hyperons are produced mostly by strangeness exchange mechanisms. Thus, hyperon production in $\bar p A$ interactions is very sensitive to the properties of the antikaon-nucleon interaction in nuclear medium. Read More

We consider a spherical volume of hot and dense hadronic matter (fireball) expanding into a vacuum. It is assumed that initially the fireball matter is in local thermal and chemical equilibrium with vanishing collective velocity. The time evolution of the fireball is studied in parallel within the GiBUU transport model and an ideal hydrodynamic model. Read More

We study the formation of single- and double-$\Lambda$ hypernuclei in antiproton-induced reactions relevant for the forthcoming PANDA experiment at FAIR. We use the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) transport model with relativistic mean-fields for the description of non-equilibrium dynamics and the statistical multifragmentation model (SMM) for fragment formation. This combined approach describes the dynamical properties of strangeness and fragments in low energy $\bar{p}$-induced reactions fairly well. Read More

We study the strangeness production in antiproton-nucleus collisions at the beam momenta from 200 MeV/c to 15 GeV/c within the Giessen Botzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) transport model. The GiBUU model contains a very detailed description of the underlying antinucleon-nucleon cross sections, in-particular, of the strangeness production channels. We compare our calculations with the bubble chamber data on \Lambda- and K^0_S-production in antiproton-nucleus collisions and with the earlier intranuclear cascade calculations. Read More

In this review we first outline the basics of transport theory and its recent generalization to off-shell transport. We then present in some detail the main ingredients of any transport method using in particular the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) implementation of this theory as an example. We discuss the potentials used, the ground state initialization and the collision term, including the in-medium modifications of the latter. Read More

The nuclear breathing-mode giant monopole resonance is studied within an improved relativistic Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (BUU) transport approach. As a new feature, the numerical treatment of ground state nuclei and their phase-space evolution is realized with the same semiclassical energy density functional. With this new method a very good stability of ground state nuclei in BUU simulations is achieved. Read More

The Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model is extended and applied to the antiproton-nucleus interactions in a wide beam momentum range. The model calculations are compared with the experimental data on $\bar p$-absorption cross sections on nuclei with an emphasis on extraction of the real part of an antiproton optical potential. The possibility of the cold compression of a nucleus by an antiproton in-flight is also considered. Read More

We study the dynamical response of the oxygen-16 nucleus to an incident antiproton using the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck microscopic transport model with relativistic mean fields. A special emphasis is put on the possibility of a dynamical compression of the nucleus induced by the moving antiproton. Realistic antibaryon coupling constants to the mean meson fields are chosen in accordance with empirical data. Read More

The Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model with relativistic mean fields is used to simulate $\bar p$-nucleus collisions. Antiproton absorption cross sections and momentum distributions of annihilation products are calculated by varying the $\bar p$ coupling strength to the mean meson fields. Parameters of the antiproton-nucleus optical potential are extracted from the comparison of the model calculations with experimental data. Read More

Authors: The ATLAS Collaboration, G. Aad, E. Abat, B. Abbott, J. Abdallah, A. A. Abdelalim, A. Abdesselam, O. Abdinov, B. Abi, M. Abolins, H. Abramowicz, B. S. Acharya, D. L. Adams, T. N. Addy, C. Adorisio, P. Adragna, T. Adye, J. A. Aguilar-Saavedra, M. Aharrouche, S. P. Ahlen, F. Ahles, A. Ahmad, H. Ahmed, G. Aielli, T. Akdogan, T. P. A. Akesson, G. Akimoto, M. S. Alam, M. A. Alam, J. Albert, S. Albrand, M. Aleksa, I. N. Aleksandrov, F. Alessandria, C. Alexa, G. Alexander, G. Alexandre, T. Alexopoulos, M. Alhroob, G. Alimonti, J. Alison, M. Aliyev, P. P. Allport, S. E. Allwood-Spiers, A. Aloisio, R. Alon, A. Alonso, J. Alonso, M. G. Alviggi, K. Amako, P. Amaral, C. Amelung, V. V. Ammosov, A. Amorim, G. Amoros, N. Amram, C. Anastopoulos, C. F. Anders, K. J. Anderson, A. Andreazza, V. Andrei, M-L. Andrieux, X. S. Anduaga, F. Anghinolfi, A. Antonaki, M. Antonelli, S. Antonelli, B. Antunovic, F. A. Anulli, G. Arabidze, I. Aracena, Y. Arai, A. T. H. Arce, J. P. Archambault, S. Arfaoui, J-F. Arguin, T. Argyropoulos, E. Arik, M. Arik, A. J. Armbruster, O. Arnaez, C. Arnault, A. Artamonov, D. Arutinov, M. Asai, S. Asai, S. Ask, B. Asman, D. Asner, L. Asquith, K. Assamagan, A. Astbury, A. Astvatsatourov, T. Atkinson, G. Atoian, B. Auerbach, E. Auge, K. Augsten, M. A. Aurousseau, N. Austin, G. Avolio, R. Avramidou, A. Axen, C. Ay, G. Azuelos, Y. Azuma, M. A. Baak, G. Baccaglioni, C. Bacci, H. Bachacou, K. Bachas, M. Backes, E. Badescu, P. Bagnaia, Y. Bai, D. C. Bailey, J. T. Baines, O. K. Baker, F. Baltasar Dos Santos Pedrosa, E. Banas, S. Banerjee, D. Banfi, A. Bangert, V. Bansal, S. P. Baranov, S. Baranov, A. Barashkou, T. B. Barber, E. L. Barberio, D. Barberis, M. B. Barbero, D. Y. Bardin, T. Barillari, M. Barisonzi, T. Barklow, N. B. Barlow, B. M. Barnett, R. M. Barnett, S. Baron, A. Baroncelli, A. J. Barr, F. Barreiro, J. Barreiro Guimaraes da Costa, P. Barrillon, R. Bartoldus, D. Bartsch, J. Bastos, R. L. Bates, J. R. Batley, A. Battaglia, M. Battistin, F. Bauer, M. Bazalova, B. Beare, P. H. Beauchemin, R. B. Beccherle, N. Becerici, P. Bechtle, G. A. Beck, H. P. Beck, M. Beckingham, K. H. Becks, I. Bedajanek, A. J. Beddall, A. Beddall, P. Bednar, V. A. Bednyakov, C. Bee, S. Behar Harpaz, P. K. Behera, M. Beimforde, C. Belanger-Champagne, P. J. Bell, W. H. Bell, G. Bella, L. Bellagamba, F. Bellina, M. Bellomo, A. Belloni, K. Belotskiy, O. Beltramello, S. Ben Ami, O. Benary, D. Benchekroun, M. Bendel, B. H. Benedict, N. Benekos, Y. Benhammou, G. P. Benincasa, D. P. Benjamin, M. Benoit, J. R. Bensinger, K. Benslama, S. Bentvelsen, M. Beretta, D. Berge, E. Bergeaas Kuutmann, N. Berger, F. Berghaus, E. Berglund, J. Beringer, K. Bernardet, P. Bernat, R. Bernhard, C. Bernius, T. Berry, A. Bertin, N. Besson, S. Bethke, R. M. Bianchi, M. Bianco, O. Biebel, J. Biesiada, M. Biglietti, H. Bilokon, S. Binet, A. Bingul, C. Bini, C. Biscarat, M. Bischofberger, U. Bitenc, K. M. Black, R. E. Blair, G. Blanchot, C. Blocker, J. Blocki, A. Blondel, W. Blum, U. Blumenschein, C. Boaretto, G. J. Bobbink, A. Bocci, B. Bodine, J. Boek, N. Boelaert, S. Boeser, J. A. Bogaerts, A. Bogouch, C. Bohm, J. Bohm, V. Boisvert, T. Bold, V. Boldea, V. G. Bondarenko, M. Bondioli, M. Boonekamp, C. N. Booth, P. S. L. Booth, J. R. A. Booth, A. Borisov, G. Borissov, I. Borjanovic, S. Borroni, K. Bos, D. Boscherini, M. Bosman, M. Bosteels, H. Boterenbrood, J. Bouchami, J. Boudreau, E. V. Bouhova-Thacker, C. Boulahouache, C. Bourdarios, J. Boyd, I. R. Boyko, A. Braem, P. Branchini, G. W. Brandenburg, A. Brandt, O. Brandt, U. Bratzler, J. E. Brau, H. M. Braun, B. Brelier, J. Bremer, R. Brenner, S. Bressler, D. Breton, N. D. Brett, D. Britton, F. M. Brochu, I. Brock, R. Brock, E. Brodet, F. Broggi, G. Brooijmans, W. K. Brooks, E. Brubaker, P. A. Bruckman de Renstrom, D. Bruncko, R. Bruneliere, S. Brunet, A. Bruni, G. Bruni, M. Bruschi, T. Buanes, F. B. Bucci, P. Buchholz, A. G. Buckley, I. A. Budagov, V. Buescher, L. Bugge, F. Bujor, O. Bulekov, M. Bunse, T. Buran, H. Burckhart, S. Burdin, S. Burke, E. Busato, C. P. Buszello, F. Butin, B. Butler, J. M. Butler, C. M. Buttar, J. M. Butterworth, T. Byatt, S. Cabrera Urban, D. Caforio, O. Cakir, P. Calafiura, G. Calderini, R. Calkins, L. P. Caloba, R. Caloi, D. Calvet, P. Camarri, M. Cambiaghi, D. Cameron, F. Campabadal Segura, S. Campana, M. Campanelli, V. Canale, J. Cantero, M. D. M. Capeans Garrido, I. Caprini, M. Caprini, M. Capua, R. Caputo, C. Caramarcu, R. Cardarelli, T. Carli, G. Carlino, L. Carminati, B. Caron, S. Caron, S. Carron Montero, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, J. Carvalho, D. Casadei, M. P. Casado, M. Cascella, C. Caso, A. M. Castaneda Hernadez, E. Castaneda Miranda, V. Castillo Gimenez, N. F. Castro, G. Cataldi, A. Catinaccio, J. R. Catmore, A. Cattai, G. Cattani, S. Caughron, D. Cauz, P. Cavalleri, D. Cavalli, M. Cavalli-Sforza, V. Cavasinni, A. Cazzato, F. Ceradini, A. S. Cerqueira, A. Cerri, L. Cerrito, F. Cerutti, S. A. Cetin, F. Cevenini, A. C. Chafaq, D. Chakraborty, J. D. Chapman, J. W. Chapman, E. C. Chareyre, D. G. Charlton, S. C. Chatterjii, S. Cheatham, S. Chekanov, S. V. Chekulaev, G. A. Chelkov, H. Chen, T. Chen, X. Chen, S. Cheng, T. L. Cheng, A. Cheplakov, V. F. Chepurnov, R. Cherkaoui El Moursli, V. Tcherniatine, D. Chesneanu, E. Cheu, S. L. Cheung, L. Chevalier, F. Chevallier, V. Chiarella, G. Chiefari, L. Chikovani, J. T. Childers, A. Chilingarov, G. Chiodini, S. Chouridou, D. Chren, I. A. Christidi, A. Christov, D. Chromek-Burckhart, M. L. Chu, J. Chudoba, G. Ciapetti, A. K. Ciftci, R. Ciftci, V. Cindro, M. D. Ciobotaru, C. Ciocca, A. Ciocio, M. Cirilli, M. Citterio, A. Clark, W. Cleland, J. C. Clemens, B. Clement, C. Clement, D. Clements, Y. Coadou, M. Cobal, A. Coccaro, J. Cochran, S. Coelli, J. Coggeshall, E. Cogneras, C. D. Cojocaru, J. Colas, B. Cole, A. P. Colijn, C. Collard, N. J. Collins, C. Collins-Tooth, J. Collot, G. Colon, R. Coluccia, P. Conde Muino, E. Coniavitis, M. Consonni, S. Constantinescu, C. Conta, F. Conventi, J. Cook, M. Cooke, B. D. Cooper, N. J. Cooper-Smith, K. Copic, T. Cornelissen, M. Corradi, F. C. Corriveau, A. Corso-Radu, A. Cortes-Gonzalez, G. Costa, M. J. Costa, D. Costanzo, T. Costin, D. Cote, R. Coura Torres, L. Courneyea, G. Cowan, C. C. Cowden, B. E. Cox, K. Cranmer, J. Cranshaw, M. Cristinziani, G. Crosetti, R. C. Crupi, S. Crepe-Renaudin, C. -M. Cuciuc, C. Cuenca Almenar, M. Curatolo, C. J. Curtis, P. Cwetanski, Z. Czyczula, S. D'Auria, M. D'Onofrio, A. D'Orazio, A. Da Rocha Gesualdi Mello, P. V. M. Da Silva, C. V. Da Via, W. Dabrowski, T. Dai, C. Dallapiccola, S. J. Dallison, C. H. Daly, M. Dam, H. O. Danielsson, D. Dannheim, V. Dao, G. Darbo, W. D. Davey, T. Davidek, N. Davidson, R. Davidson, A. R. Davison, I. Dawson, J. W. Dawson, R. K. Daya, K. De, R. de Asmundis, S. De Castro, P. E. De Castro Faria Salgado, S. De Cecco, N. De Groot, P. de Jong, E. De La Cruz-Burelo, C. De La Taille, L. De Mora, M. De Oliveira Branco, D. De Pedis, A. De Salvo, U. De Sanctis, A. De Santo, J. B. De Vivie De Regie, G. De Zorzi, S. Dean, G. Dedes, D. V. Dedovich, P. O. Defay, J. Degenhardt, M. Dehchar, C. Del Papa, J. Del Peso, T. Del Prete, A. Dell'Acqua, L. Dell'Asta, M. Della Pietra, D. della Volpe, M. Delmastro, N. Delruelle, P. A. Delsart, S. Demers, M. Demichev, B. Demirkoz, W. Deng, S. P. Denisov, C. Dennis, F. Derue, P. Dervan, K. K. Desch, P. O. Deviveiros, A. Dewhurst, R. Dhullipudi, A. Di Ciaccio, L. Di Ciaccio, A. Di Domenico, A. Di Girolamo, B. Di Girolamo, S. Di Luise, A. Di Mattia, R. Di Nardo, A. Di Simone, R. Di Sipio, M. A. Diaz, E. B. Diehl, J. Dietrich, S. Diglio, K. Dindar Yagci, D. J. Dingfelder, C. Dionisi, P. Dita, S. Dita, F. Dittus, F. Djama, R. Djilkibaev, T. Djobava, M. A. B. do Vale, M. Dobbs, R. Dobinson, D. Dobos, E. Dobson, M. Dobson, O. B. Dogan, T. Doherty, Y. Doi, J. Dolejsi, I. Dolenc, Z. Dolezal, B. A. Dolgoshein, M. Donega, J. Donini, T. Donszelmann, J. Dopke, D. E. Dorfan, A. Doria, A. Dos Anjos, M. Dosil, A. Dotti, M. T. Dova, A. Doxiadis, A. T. Doyle, J. D. Dragic, Z. Drasal, N. Dressnandt, C. Driouichi, M. Dris, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, A. Dudarev, M. Duehrssen, I. P. Duerdoth, L. Duflot, M-A. Dufour, M. Dunford, A. Duperrin, H. Duran Yildiz, A. Dushkin, R. Duxfield, M. Dwuznik, M. Dueren, W. L. Ebenstein, S. Eckert, S. Eckweiler, K. Edmonds, P. Eerola, K. Egorov, W. Ehrenfeld, T. Ehrich, T. Eifert, G. Eigen, K. Einsweiler, E. Eisenhandler, T. Ekelof, M. El Kacimi, M. Ellert, S. Elles, K. Ellis, N. Ellis, J. Elmsheuser, M. Elsing, R. Ely, D. Emeliyanov, R. Engelmann, A. Engl, B. Epp, A. Eppig, V. S. Epshteyn, J. Erdmann, A. Ereditato, D. Eriksson, I. Ermoline, J. Ernst, E. Ernst, J. Ernwein, D. Errede, S. Errede, M. Escalier, C. Escobar, X. Espinal Curull, B. Esposito, F. Etienne, A. I. Etienvre, E. Etzion, H. Evans, L. Fabbri, C. Fabre, P. Faccioli, K. Facius, R. M. Fakhrutdinov, S. Falciano, A. C. Falou, Y. Fang, M. Fanti, A. Farbin, A. Farilla, J. Farley, T. Farooque, S. M. Farrington, P. Farthouat, F. Fassi, P. Fassnacht, D. Fassouliotis, B. Fatholahzadeh, L. Fayard, F. Fayette, R. Febbraro, P. Federic, O. L. Fedin, I. Fedorko, L. Feligioni, C. Feng, E. J. Feng, A. B. Fenyuk, J. Ferencei, J. Ferland, W. Fernando, S. Ferrag, A. Ferrari, P. Ferrari, R. Ferrari, A. Ferrer, M. L. Ferrer, D. Ferrere, C. Ferretti, M. Fiascaris, F. Fiedler, A. Filipcic, A. Filippas, F. Filthaut, M. Fincke-Keeler, L. Fiorini, A. Firan, G. Fischer, M. J. Fisher, H. F. Flacher, M. Flechl, I. Fleck, J. Fleckner, P. Fleischmann, S. Fleischmann, C. M. Fleta Corral, T. Flick, L. R. Flores Castillo, M. J. Flowerdew, F. Foehlisch, M. Fokitis, T. Fonseca Martin, D. A. Forbush, A. Formica, A. Forti, J. M. Foster, D. Fournier, A. Foussat, A. J. Fowler, K. F. Fowler, H. Fox, P. Francavilla, S. Franchino, D. Francis, S. Franz, M. Fraternali, S. Fratina, J. Freestone, R. Froeschl, D. Froidevaux, J. A. Frost, C. Fukunaga, E. Fullana Torregrosa, J. Fuster, C. Gabaldon, O. G. Gabizon, T. Gadfort, S. Gadomski, G. Gagliardi, P. Gagnon, E. J. Gallas, M. V. Gallas, B. J. Gallop, E. Galyaev, K. K. Gan, Y. S. Gao, A. Gaponenko, M. Garcia-Sciveres, C. Garcia, J. E. Garcia Navarro, R. W. Gardner, N. Garelli, H. Garitaonandia, V. G. Garonne, C. Gatti, G. Gaudio, O. Gaumer, P. Gauzzi, I. L. Gavrilenko, C. Gay, G. G. Gaycken, J-C. Gayde, E. N. Gazis, C. N. P. Gee, Ch. Geich-Gimbel, K. Gellerstedt, C. Gemme, M. H. Genest, S. Gentile, F. Georgatos, S. George, P. Gerlach, C. Geweniger, H. Ghazlane, P. Ghez, N. Ghodbane, B. Giacobbe, S. Giagu, V. Giangiobbe, F. Gianotti, B. Gibbard, A. Gibson, S. M. Gibson, L. M. Gilbert, M. Gilchriese, V. Gilewsky, A. R. Gillman, D. M. Gingrich, J. Ginzburg, N. Giokaris, M. P. Giordani, P. Giovannini, P. F. Giraud, P. Girtler, D. Giugni, P. Giusti, B. K. Gjelsten, L. K. Gladilin, C. Glasman, A. Glazov, K. W. Glitza, G. L. Glonti, K. G. Gnanvo, J. G. Godfrey, J. Godlewski, T. Goepfert, C. Goessling, T. Goettfert, V. G. Goggi, S. Goldfarb, D. 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Polychronakos, D. M. Pomarede, K. Pommes, L. Pontecorvo, B. G. Pope, R. Popescu, D. S. Popovic, A. Poppleton, J. Popule, X. Portell Bueso, R. Porter, G. E. Pospelov, P. Pospichal, S. Pospisil, M. Potekhin, I. N. Potrap, C. J. Potter, C. T. Potter, K. P. Potter, G. Poulard, J. Poveda, R. Prabhu, P. Pralavorio, S. Prasad, R. Pravahan, T. Preda, K. Pretzl, L. Pribyl, D. Price, L. E. Price, M. J. Price, P. M. Prichard, D. Prieur, M. Primavera, K. Prokofiev, F. Prokoshin, S. Protopopescu, J. Proudfoot, H. Przysiezniak, C. Puigdengoles, J. Purdham, M. Purohit, P. Puzo, Y. Pylypchenko, M. T. Perez Garcia-Estan, M. Qi, J. Qian, W. Qian, Z. Qian, Z. Qin, D. Qing, A. Quadt, D. R. Quarrie, W. B. Quayle, F. Quinonez, M. Raas, V. Radeka, V. Radescu, B. Radics, T. Rador, F. Ragusa, G. Rahal, A. M. Rahimi, D. Rahm, S. Rajagopalan, S. Rajek, P. N. Ratoff, F. Rauscher, E. Rauter, M. Raymond, A. L. Read, D. M. Rebuzzi, G. R. Redlinger, R. Reece, K. Reeves, E. Reinherz-Aronis, I. Reisinger, D. Reljic, C. Rembser, Z. Ren, P. Renkel, S. Rescia, M. Rescigno, S. Resconi, B. Resende, E. Rezaie, P. Reznicek, A. Richards, R. A. Richards, R. Richter, E. Richter-Was, M. Ridel, S. Rieke, M. Rijpstra, M. Rijssenbeek, A. Rimoldi, R. R. Rios, C. Risler, I. Riu, G. Rivoltella, F. Rizatdinova, K. Roberts, S. H. Robertson, A. Robichaud-Veronneau, D. Robinson, A. Robson, J. G. Rocha de Lima, C. Roda, D. Rodriguez, Y. Rodriguez, S. Roe, O. Rohne, V. Rojo, S. Rolli, A. Romaniouk, V. M. Romanov, G. Romeo, D. Romero, L. Roos, E. Ros, S. Rosati, G. A. Rosenbaum, E. I. Rosenberg, L. Rosselet, L. P. Rossi, M. Rotaru, J. Rothberg, I. Rottlaender, D. Rousseau, C. R. Royon, A. Rozanov, Y. Rozen, B. Ruckert, N. Ruckstuhl, V. I. Rud, G. Rudolph, F. Ruehr, F. Ruggieri, A. Ruiz-Martinez, V. Rumiantsev, L. Rumyantsev, N. A. Rusakovich, D. R. Rust, J. P. Rutherfoord, C. Ruwiedel, P. Ruzicka, Y. F. Ryabov, V. Ryadovikov, P. Ryan, A. M. Rybin, G. Rybkin, S. Rzaeva, A. F. Saavedra, H. F-W. Sadrozinski, R. Sadykov, H. Sakamoto, G. Salamanna, A. Salamon, M. Saleem, D. Salihagic, A. Salnikov, J. Salt, B. M. Salvachua Ferrando, D. Salvatore, F. Salvatore, A. Salzburger, D. Sampsonidis, B. H. Samset, M. A. Sanchis Lozano, H. Sandaker, H. G. Sander, M. Sandhoff, S. Sandvoss, D. P. C. Sankey, B. Sanny, A. Sansoni, C. Santamarina Rios, L. Santi, C. Santoni, R. Santonico, D. Santos, J. G. Saraiva, T. Sarangi, F. Sarri, O. Sasaki, T. Sasaki, N. Sasao, I. Satsounkevitch, G. Sauvage, P. Savard, A. Y. Savine, V. Savinov, L. Sawyer, D. H. Saxon, L. P. Says, C. Sbarra, A. Sbrizzi, D. A. Scannicchio, J. Schaarschmidt, P. Schacht, U. Schaefer, S. Schaetzel, A. C. Schaffer, D. Schaile, R. Schamberger, A. G. Schamov, V. A. Schegelsky, M. Schernau, M. I. Scherzer, C. Schiavi, J. Schieck, M. Schioppa, S. Schlenker, J. L. Schlereth, P. Schmid, M. P. Schmidt, C. Schmitt, M. Schmitz, M. Schott, D. Schouten, J. Schovancova, M. Schram, A. Schreiner, M. S. Schroers, S. Schuh, G. Schuler, J. Schultes, H-C. Schultz-Coulon, J. Schumacher, M. Schumacher, B. S. Schumm, Ph. Schune, C. S. Schwanenberger, A. Schwartzman, Ph. Schwemling, R. Schwienhorst, R. Schwierz, J. Schwindling, W. G. Scott, E. Sedykh, E. Segura, S. C. Seidel, A. Seiden, F. S. Seifert, J. M. Seixas, G. Sekhniaidze, D. M. Seliverstov, B. Sellden, M. Seman, N. Semprini-Cesari, C. Serfon, L. Serin, R. Seuster, H. Severini, M. E. Sevior, A. Sfyrla, L. Shan, J. T. Shank, M. Shapiro, P. B. Shatalov, L. Shaver, C. Shaw, K. S. Shaw, D. Sherman, P. Sherwood, A. Shibata, M. Shimojima, T. Shin, A. Shmeleva, M. J. Shochet, M. A. Shupe, P. Sicho, A. Sidoti, A. Siebel, M. Siebel, J. Siegrist, D. Sijacki, O. Silbert, J. Silva, S. B. Silverstein, V. Simak, Lj. Simic, S. Simion, B. Simmons, M. Simonyan, P. Sinervo, V. Sipica, G. Siragusa, A. N. Sisakyan, S. Yu. Sivoklokov, J. Sjolin, P. Skubic, N. Skvorodnev, T. Slavicek, K. Sliwa, J. Sloper, T. Sluka, V. Smakhtin, S. Yu. Smirnov, Y. Smirnov, L. N. Smirnova, O. Smirnova, B. C. Smith, K. M. Smith, M. Smizanska, K. Smolek, A. A. Snesarev, S. W. Snow, J. Snow, J. Snuverink, S. Snyder, M. Soares, R. Sobie, J. Sodomka, A. Soffer, C. A. Solans, M. Solar, E. Solfaroli Camillocci, A. A. Solodkov, O. V. Solovyanov, R. Soluk, J. Sondericker, V. Sopko, B. Sopko, M. Sosebee, V. V. Sosnovtsev, L. Sospedra Suay, A. Soukharev, S. Spagnolo, F. Spano, P. Speckmayer, E. Spencer, R. Spighi, G. Spigo, F. Spila, R. Spiwoks, L. Spogli, M. Spousta, T. Spreitzer, B. Spurlock, R. D. St. Denis, T. Stahl, R. Stamen, S. N. Stancu, E. Stanecka, R. W. Stanek, C. Stanescu, S. Stapnes, E. A. Starchenko, J. Stark, P. Staroba, J. Stastny, A. Staude, P. Stavina, G. Stavropoulos, P. Steinbach, P. Steinberg, I. Stekl, H. J. Stelzer, H. Stenzel, K. S. Stevenson, G. Stewart, T. D. Stewart, M. C. Stockton, G. Stoicea, S. Stonjek, P. Strachota, A. Stradling, A. Straessner, J. Strandberg, S. Strandberg, A. Strandlie, M. Strauss, P. Strizenec, R. Strohmer, D. M. Strom, J. A. Strong, R. Stroynowski, B. Stugu, I. Stumer, D. Su, S. Subramania, S. I. Suchkov, Y. Sugaya, T. Sugimoto, C. Suhr, M. Suk, V. V. Sulin, S. Sultansoy, J. E. Sundermann, K. Suruliz, S. Sushkov, G. Susinno, M. R. Sutton, T. Suzuki, Yu. M. Sviridov, I. Sykora, T. Sykora, R. R. Szczygiel, T. Szymocha, J. Sanchez, D. Ta, A. T. Taffard, R. Tafirout, A. Taga, Y. Takahashi, H. Takai, R. Takashima, H. Takeda, T. Takeshita, M. Talby, B. Tali, A. Talyshev, M. C. Tamsett, J. Tanaka, R. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, G. P. Tappern, S. Tapprogge, S. Tarem, F. Tarrade, G. F. Tartarelli, P. Tas, M. Tasevsky, E. T. Tassi, C. Taylor, F. E. Taylor, G. N. Taylor, R. P. Taylor, W. Taylor, F. Tegenfeldt, P. Teixeira-Dias, H. Ten Kate, P. K. Teng, S. Terada, K. Terashi, J. Terron, M. Terwort, R. J. Teuscher, C. M. Tevlin, J. Thadome, R. Thananuwong, M. Thioye, J. P. Thomas, T. L. Thomas, E. N. Thompson, P. D. Thompson, R. J. Thompson, A. S. Thompson, E. Thomson, R. P. Thun, T. Tic, V. O. Tikhomirov, Y. A. Tikhonov, C. J. W. P. Timmermans, P. Tipton, F. J. Tique Aires Viegas, S. Tisserant, J. Tobias, B. Toczek, T. T. Todorov, S. Todorova-Nova, J. Tojo, S. Tokar, K. Tokushuku, L. Tomasek, M. Tomasek, F. Tomasz, M. Tomoto, D. Tompkins, L. Tompkins, K. Toms, A. Tonazzo, G. Tong, A. Tonoyan, C. Topfel, N. D. Topilin, E. Torrence, E. Torro Pastor, J. Toth, F. Touchard, D. R. Tovey, S. N. Tovey, T. Trefzger, L. Tremblet, A. Tricoli, I. M. Trigger, S. Trincaz-Duvoid, M. F. Tripiana, N. Triplett, W. Trischuk, A. Trivedi, B. Trocme, C. Troncon, C. Tsarouchas, J. C-L. Tseng, I. Tsiafis, M. Tsiakiris, P. V. Tsiareshka, G. Tsipolitis, E. G. Tskhadadze, I. I. Tsukerman, V. Tsulaia, S. Tsuno, M. Turala, D. Turecek, I. Turk Cakir, E. Turlay, P. M. Tuts, M. S. Twomey, M. Tyndel, D. Typaldos, G. Tzanakos, I. Ueda, M. Uhrmacher, F. Ukegawa, G. Unal, D. G. Underwood, A. Undrus, G. Unel, Y. Unno, E. Urkovsky, P. Urquijo, P. Urrejola, G. Usai, L. Vacavant, V. Vacek, B. Vachon, S. Vahsen, C. Valderanis, J. Valenta, P. Valente, S. Valkar, J. A. Valls Ferrer, H. Van der Bij, H. van der Graaf, E. van der Kraaij, E. van der Poel, N. van Eldik, P. van Gemmeren, Z. van Kesteren, I. van Vulpen, R. VanBerg, W. Vandelli, G. Vandoni, A. Vaniachine, P. Vankov, F. Vannucci, F. Varela Rodriguez, R. Vari, E. W. Varnes, D. Varouchas, A. Vartapetian, K. E. Varvell, V. I. Vassilakopoulos, L. Vassilieva, E. Vataga, F. Vazeille, G. Vegni, J. J. Veillet, C. Vellidis, F. Veloso, R. Veness, S. Veneziano, A. Ventura, D. Ventura, S. Ventura, N. Venturi, V. Vercesi, M. Verducci, W. Verkerke, J. C. Vermeulen, M. C. Vetterli, I. Vichou, T. Vickey, G. H. A. Viehhauser, M. Villa, E. G. Villani, M. Villaplana Perez, E. Vilucchi, M. G. Vincter, V. B. Vinogradov, M. Virchaux, S. Viret, J. Virzi, A. Vitale, O. V. Vitells, I. Vivarelli, R. Vives, F. Vives Vaques, S. Vlachos, M. Vlasak, N. Vlasov, H. Vogt, P. Vokac, M. Volpi, G. Volpini, H. von der Schmitt, J. von Loeben, E. von Toerne, V. Vorobel, A. P. Vorobiev, V. Vorwerk, M. Vos, R. Voss, T. T. Voss, J. H. Vossebeld, N. Vranjes, V. Vrba, M. Vreeswijk, T. Vu Anh, M. Vudragovic, R. Vuillermet, I. Vukotic, P. Wagner, H. Wahlen, J. Walbersloh, J. Walder, R. Walker, W. Walkowiak, R. Wall, C. Wang, J. Wang, J. C. Wang, S. M. W. Wang, C. P. Ward, M. Warsinsky, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, G. Watts, S. W. Watts, A. T. Waugh, B. M. Waugh, M. Webel, J. Weber, M. Weber, M. S. Weber, P. Weber, A. R. Weidberg, J. Weingarten, C. Weiser, H. Wellenstein, P. S. Wells, M. Wen, T. Wenaus, S. Wendler, T. Wengler, S. Wenig, N. Wermes, M. Werner, P. Werner, U. Werthenbach, M. Wessels, S. J. Wheeler-Ellis, S. P. Whitaker, A. White, M. J. White, S. White, D. Whiteson, D. Whittington, F. Wicek, D. Wicke, F. J. Wickens, W. Wiedenmann, M. Wielers, P. Wienemann, C. Wiglesworth, A. Wildauer, M. A. Wildt, I. Wilhelm, H. G. Wilkens, H. H. Williams, W. Willis, S. Willocq, J. A. Wilson, M. G. Wilson, A. Wilson, I. Wingerter-Seez, F. W. Winklmeier, L. Winton, M. Wittgen, M. W. Wolter, H. Wolters, B. Wosiek, J. Wotschack, M. J. Woudstra, K. Wraight, C. Wright, B. Wrona, S. L. Wu, X. Wu, S. Xella, S. Xie, Y. Xie, G. Xu, N. Xu, A. Yamamoto, S. Yamamoto, T. Yamamura, K. Yamanaka, T. Yamazaki, Y. Yamazaki, Z. Yan, H. Yang, U. K. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Yang, W-M. Yao, Y. Yao, Y. Yasu, J. Ye, S. Ye, M. Yilmaz, R. Yoosoofmiya, K. Yorita, R. Yoshida, C. Young, S. P. Youssef, D. Yu, J. Yu, M. Yu, X. Yu, J. Yuan, L. Yuan, A. Yurkewicz, R. Zaidan, A. M. Zaitsev, Z. Zajacova, L. Zanello, P. Zarzhitsky, A. Zaytsev, M. Zdrazil, C. Zeitnitz, M. Zeller, P. F. Zema, C. Zendler, A. V. Zenin, T. Zenis, Z. Zenonos, S. Zenz, D. Zerwas, Z. Zhan, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, Q. Zhang, W. Zheng, X. Zhang, L. Zhao, T. Zhao, Z. Zhao, A. Zhelezko, A. Zhemchugov, S. Zheng, J. Zhong, B. Zhou, N. Zhou, S. Zhou, Y. Zhou, C. G. Zhu, H. Zhu, Y. Zhu, X. A. Zhuang, V. Zhuravlov, B. Zilka, R. Zimmermann, S. Zimmermann, M. Zinna, M. Ziolkowski, R. Zitoun, L. Zivkovic, V. V. Zmouchko, G. Zobernig, A. Zoccoli, M. zur Nedden, V. Zychacek

A detailed study is presented of the expected performance of the ATLAS detector. The reconstruction of tracks, leptons, photons, missing energy and jets is investigated, together with the performance of b-tagging and the trigger. The physics potential for a variety of interesting physics processes, within the Standard Model and beyond, is examined. Read More

On the basis of a dynamical Relativistic Mean Field (RMF) model we study the response of a nucleus on the antiproton implanted in its interior. We solve the Vlasov equation for the antiproton-nuclear system and show assuming a moderately attractive antiproton optical potential that the compressed state is formed on a rather short time scale of about 4-10 fm/c. The evolution of the system after antiproton annihilation is simulated using the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) transport model. Read More

Electron spin dynamics is investigated in n-i-n GaAs/AlGaAs coupled quantum wells. The electron spin dephasing time is measured as a function of an external electrical bias under resonant excitation of the 1sHH intrawell exciton using a time-resolved Kerr rotation technique. It is found a strong electron spin dephasing time anisotropy caused by an interference of the structure inversion asymmetry and the bulk inversion asymmetry. Read More

On the basis of the kinetic equation with selfconsistent relativistic mean fields acting on baryons and antibaryons, we study dynamical response of the nucleus to an antiproton implanted in its interior. By solving numerically the time-dependent Vlasov equation, we show that the compressed state is formed on a rather short time scale of about 4-10 fm/c. This justifies the assumption, that the antiproton annihilation may happen in the compressed nuclear environment. Read More

We demonstrate for the first time the strong temporal hysteresis effects in the kinetics of the pumped and scattered polariton populations in a planar semiconductor microcavity under a nano-second-long pulsed resonant (by frequency and angle) excitation above the lower polariton branch. The hysteresis effects are explained in the model of multi-mode scattering when the bistability of the nonlinear pumped polariton is accompanied by the explosive growth of the scattered polaritons population. Subsequent self-organization process in the nonlinear polariton system results in a new -- dynamically self-organized -- type of optical parametric oscillator. Read More

Affiliations: 1Frankfurt U., FIAS and INR, Moscow, 2Frankfurt U., FIAS and Kurchatov Inst., Moscow, 3Frankfurt U., FIAS and Kurchatov Inst., Moscow, 4Frankfurt U., FIAS

We study the spatial distributions of $\beta^+$-activity produced by therapeutic beams of $^3$He and $^{12}$C ions in various tissue-like materials. The calculations were performed within a Monte Carlo model for Heavy-Ion Therapy (MCHIT) based on the GEANT4 toolkit. The contributions from $^{10,11}$C, $^{13}$N, $^{14,15}$O, $^{17,18}$F and $^{30}$P positron-emitting nuclei were calculated and compared with experimental data obtained during and after irradiation. Read More

Kaon production is studied within the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) model. Results are compared with experiment and with other models. The influence of the kaon potential on the kaon azimuthal distributions at SIS energies is considered. Read More

We investigate the dynamical properties of asymmetric nuclear matter at low density. The occurrence of new instabilities, that lead the system to a dynamical fragment formation, is illustrated, discussing in particular the charge symmetry dependence of the structure of the most important unstable modes. We observe that instabilities are reduced by charge asymmetry, leading to larger size and time scales in the fragmentation process. Read More

Aiming at a microscopic description of heavy ion collisions in the beam energy region of about 10 A GeV, we extend the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) transport model by including a relativistic mean field, in-medium baryon-baryon cross sections and three-body collisions. The model is then compared with experimental data for central Au+Au collisions at 2-10 A GeV and central Pb+Pb collisions at 30 and 40 A GeV on the proton rapidity spectra, the midrapidity yields of $\pi^+$, $K^\pm$ and $(\Lambda+\Sigma^0)$, and the transverse mass spectra of $\pi^\pm$ and $K^\pm$. The three-body collisions increase the inverse slope parameters of the hadron $m_\perp$-spectra to a good agreement with the data. Read More

We describe the double charge exchange (DCX) reaction of pions with different nuclear targets at incident kinetic energies of 120-180 MeV within the GiBUU transport framework. The DCX process is highly sensitive to details of the interactions of pions with the nuclear medium and, therefore, represents a major benchmark for any model of pion scattering off nuclei at low and intermediate energies. We achieve a good quantitative agreement with the extensive data set obtained at LAMPF. Read More

Central collisions of gold nuclei are simulated by several existing models and the central net baryon density rho and the energy density eps are extracted at successive times, for beam kinetic energies of 5-40 GeV per nucleon. The resulting trajectories in the (rho,eps) phase plane are discussed from the perspective of experimentally exploring the expected first-order hadronization phase transition with the planned FAIR at GSI or in a low-energy campaign at RHIC. Read More

Affiliations: 1Giessen University, Germany, 2Giessen University, Germany, 3Giessen University, Germany, 4Giessen University, Germany

We have applied the Giessen BUU (GiBUU) transport model to the description of the double charge exchange (DCX) reaction of pions with different nuclear targets at incident kinetic energies of 120-180 MeV . The DCX process is highly sensitive to details of the interactions of pions with the nuclear medium and, therefore, represents a major benchmark for any model of pion scattering off nuclei at low and intermediate energies. The impact of surface effects, such as the neutron skins of heavy nuclei, is investigated. Read More

The spin dynamics of an interwell excitons gas has been investigated in n-i-n GaAs/AlGaAs coupled quantum wells (CQWs). In these heterostructures the electron and the hole are spatially separated in neighboring quantum wells by a narrow AlAs barrier, when an electric field is applied. The time evolution kinetics of the interwell exciton photoluminescence has been measured under resonant excitation of the 1sHH intrawell exciton, using a pulsed tunable laser. Read More

We systematically study $K^+$ observables in nucleus-nucleus collisions at 1-2 A GeV within the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (BUU) transport model. We compare our calculations with the KaoS data on the kaon multiplicities and spectra. In addition, the kaon collective flow is computed and compared with the FOPI and KaoS data. Read More

We compare multiplicities as well as rapidity and transverse momentum distributions of protons, pions and kaons calculated within presently available transport approaches for heavy ion collisions around 1 AGeV. For this purpose, three reactions have been selected: Au+Au at 1 and 1.48 AGeV and Ni+Ni at 1. Read More

The BUU transport model is applied to study strangeness and pion production in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Starting from proton induced reactions, we further investigate Si+Au, Au+Au and Pb+Pb collisions in the energy range between 2 and 40 A$\cdot$GeV and compare with data and with other transport calculations. The $q \bar q$ annihilation, or resonance, channel simulated by the string model in meson-nucleon collisions at $\sqrt{s} > 2$ GeV is introduced. Read More

We present calculations of the N N -> N Delta cross section in nuclear matter within the one-pion exchange model taking into account pion collectivity, vertex renormalization by the contact nuclear interactions and Dirac effective masses of the baryons due to coupling with the scalar sigma field. Introducing the Dirac effective masses leads to an in-medium reduction of the cross section. The experimental data on pion multiplicities from the collisions of Ca+Ca, Ru+Ru and Au+Au at 0. Read More

Due to large pi N --> Delta cross section a pion acquires a large width in nuclear matter. Therefore, a Delta-resonance decaying in the nuclear medium can produce far off-shell pions, which will gradually lose their virtuality while propagating to the vacuum. To describe such off-shell dynamics, we implemented a pion spectral function for finite nuclear matter density -- calculated on the basis of the Delta-hole model -- in the BUU transport approach. Read More

Within the transport BUU theory we study the influence of the choice for the $\Delta$ resonance lifetime on pion-nucleus reactions and on heavy-ion collisions at 1 A GeV. A quite small effect of these modifications on the pion absorption on nuclei is found provided that the absorption probability of the $\Delta$ resonance is modified consistently. Observable effects in the case of heavy-ion collisions are demonstrated. Read More

We study the pion production in heavy-ion collisions at SIS energies within the coupled resonance BUU model. The standard calculation overpredicts the pion multiplicity in the central Au+Au collision at 1 A GeV by about a factor of 2, which is interpreted as a signature for the quenching of the resonance production/absorption in nucleon-nucleon collisions at high nuclear density. Results of the calculations taking into account a specific form of quenching are presented for pion spectra from light and heavy systems as well as for the pion in-plane and out-of-plane flow. Read More

The influence of the electric field created by a gate potential of the silicon quantum computer on the hyperfine interaction constant (HIC) is obtained. The errors due to technological inaccuracy of location of donor atoms under a gate are evaluated. The energy spectra of electron-nuclear spin system of two interacting donor atoms with various values of HIC are calculated. Read More

We perform a systematic study of in-plane and out-of-plane proton and neutron flow from nucleus-nucleus collisions within the BUU transport approach employing different parameter sets for the mean-field potentials that can be characterized by the nuclear incompressibility and the stiffness of the momentum-dependent potential. We find that a simultaneous description of the experimental data from the BEVALAC and the SIS on both the nucleon squeeze-out $v_2$ and the in-plane flow $F$ at beam energies $E_{lab} = 0.15 \div 2$ AGeV requires a mean field with strong momentum dependence, i. Read More

The relaxation of the collective quadrupole motion in the initial stage of a central heavy ion collision at beam energies $E_{lab}=5\div20$ AMeV is studied within a microscopic kinetic transport model. The damping rate is shown to be a non-monotonic function of E_{lab} for a given pair of colliding nuclei. This fact is interpreted as a manifestation of the zero-to-first sound transition in a finite nuclear system. Read More

The proton - charged pion correlated emission is studied in the reactions Au (1.06 AGeV) + Au, Ni (1.06 and 1. Read More

The multifragmentation of excited spherical nuclear sources with various N/Z ratios and fixed mass number is studied within dynamical and statistical models. The dynamical model treats the multifragmentation process as a final stage of the growth of density fluctuations in unstable expanding nuclear matter. The statistical model makes a choice of the final multifragment configuration according to its statistical weight at a global thermal equilibrium. Read More

We consider the propagation and damping of isovector excitations in heated nuclear matter within the Landau Fermi-liquid theory. Results obtained for nuclear matter are applied to calculate the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) at finite temperature in heavy spherical nuclei within Steinwedel and Jensen model. The centroid energy of the GDR slightly decreases with increasing temperature and the width increases as $T^2$ for temperatures $T < 5$ MeV in agreement with recent experimental data for GDR in $^{208}$Pb and $^{120}$Sn. Read More