A. Jansen - Eindhoven University of Technology

A. Jansen
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A. Jansen
Eindhoven University of Technology

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Physics - Superconductivity (11)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (10)
Physics - Materials Science (8)
Physics - Computational Physics (6)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (5)
Physics - Chemical Physics (5)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (4)
Computer Science - Learning (3)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (2)
Physics - Other (2)
Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Cellular Automata and Lattice Gases (1)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
Computer Science - Sound (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)

Publications Authored By A. Jansen

For metallic point contacts with Be and Al the magnetoquantum oscillations in the contact resistance have been investigated as a function of the applied voltage over the contact. For one set of point contacts the oscillation amplitude is found to vary nonmonotonously with the applied voltage with similarities to the point-contact spectrum of the electron-phonon interaction. The other part of the investigated point contacts shows a decrease of the oscillation amplitude with increasing bias voltage. Read More

The conductance curves of point-contact tunnel junctions between Ag and $\rm Ba_{1-x}K_xBiO_3$ ($x\simeq 0.4$) reveal a BCS behavior with low leakage current at zero voltage and some broadening of the superconducting-gap structure. In the energy range above the superconducting energy gap, the structure in the voltage dependence of the second derivative $d^2V/dI^2$ of the voltage with respect to the current of the tunnel junction has been investigated in detail in magnetic fields up to $10\ T$. Read More

The influence of electric felds and currents has been investigated in the high-$T_c$ superconductors $YBaCuO$ and $BiSrCaCuO$ using a point-contact geometry with $Ag$ as the counterelectrode, which reveal switching transitions between states of a different resistance. The origin of this effect in point contacts is associated with electromigration of the oxygen, driven by the electric feld as well as by the currentinduced "electron wind". The switching effect preserves its basic features at elevated temperatures up to room temperature and in high magnetic felds up to 10 T. Read More

Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have proven very effective in image classification and show promise for audio. We use various CNN architectures to classify the soundtracks of a dataset of 70M training videos (5.24 million hours) with 30,871 video-level labels. Read More

Zero-resource speech technology is a growing research area that aims to develop methods for speech processing in the absence of transcriptions, lexicons, or language modelling text. Early systems focused on identifying isolated recurring terms in a corpus, while more recent full-coverage systems attempt to completely segment and cluster the audio into word-like units---effectively performing unsupervised speech recognition. To our knowledge, this article presents the first such system evaluated on large-vocabulary multi-speaker data. Read More

We study the evolution of black hole entropy and temperature in collapse scenarios, finding three generic lessons. First, entropy evolution is extensive. Second, at large times, entropy and temperature ring with twice the frequency of the lowest quasinormal mode. Read More

We present fully dynamical solutions to Einstein-scalar theory in asymptotically Anti-de-Sitter spacetime with a scalar potential containing particularly rich physics. Depending on one parameter in the potential we find an especially interesting regime, which exhibits a thermodynamically stable, but dynamically unstable black brane, even at zero momentum. We show this using the non-linear dynamics, and give a clear interpretation in terms of the spectrum of linearized perturbations. Read More

In settings where only unlabelled speech data is available, speech technology needs to be developed without transcriptions, pronunciation dictionaries, or language modelling text. A similar problem is faced when modelling infant language acquisition. In these cases, categorical linguistic structure needs to be discovered directly from speech audio. Read More

Authors: M. Arenz, M. Babutzka, M. Bahr, J. P. Barrett, S. Bauer, M. Beck, A. Beglarian, J. Behrens, T. Bergmann, U. Besserer, J. Blümer, L. I. Bodine, K. Bokeloh, J. Bonn, B. Bornschein, L. Bornschein, S. Büsch, T. H. Burritt, S. Chilingaryan, T. J. Corona, L. De Viveiros, P. J. Doe, O. Dragoun, G. Drexlin, S. Dyba, S. Ebenhöch, K. Eitel, E. Ellinger, S. Enomoto, M. Erhard, D. Eversheim, M. Fedkevych, A. Felden, S. Fischer, J. A. Formaggio, F. Fränkle, D. Furse, M. Ghilea, W. Gil, F. Glück, A. Gonzalez Urena, S. Görhardt, S. Groh, S. Grohmann, R. Grössle, R. Gumbsheimer, M. Hackenjos, V. Hannen, F. Harms, N. Hauÿmann, F. Heizmann, K. Helbing, W. Herz, S. Hickford, D. Hilk, B. Hillen, T. Höhn, B. Holzapfel, M. Hötzel, M. A. Howe, A. Huber, A. Jansen, N. Kernert, L. Kippenbrock, M. Kleesiek, M. Klein, A. Kopmann, A. Kosmider, A. Kovalík, B. Krasch, M. Kraus, H. Krause, M. Krause, L. Kuckert, B. Kuffner, L. La Cascio, O. Lebeda, B. Leiber, J. Letnev, V. M. Lobashev, A. Lokhov, E. Malcherek, M. Mark, E. L. Martin, S. Mertens, S. Mirz, B. Monreal, K. Müller, M. Neuberger, H. Neumann, S. Niemes, M. Noe, N. S. Oblath, A. Off, H. -W. Ortjohann, A. Osipowicz, E. Otten, D. S. Parno, P. Plischke, A. W. P. Poon, M. Prall, F. Priester, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, J. Reich, O. Rest, R. G. H. Robertson, M. Röllig, S. Rosendahl, S. Rupp, M. Rysavy, K. Schlösser, M. Schlösser, K. Schönung, M. Schrank, J. Schwarz, W. Seiler, H. Seitz-Moskaliuk, J. Sentkerestiova, A. Skasyrskaya, M. Slezak, A. Spalek, M. Steidl, N. Steinbrink, M. Sturm, M. Suesser, H. H. Telle, T. Thümmler, N. Titov, I. Tkachev, N. Trost, A. Unru, K. Valerius, D. Venos, R. Vianden, S. Vöcking, B. L. Wall, N. Wandkowsky, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer, C. Weiss, S. Welte, J. Wendel, K. L. Wierman, J. F. Wilkerson, D. Winzen, J. Wolf, S. Wüstling, M. Zacher, S. Zadoroghny, M. Zboril

The KATRIN experiment will probe the neutrino mass by measuring the beta-electron energy spectrum near the endpoint of tritium beta-decay. An integral energy analysis will be performed by an electro-static spectrometer (Main Spectrometer), an ultra-high vacuum vessel with a length of 23.2 m, a volume of 1240 m^3, and a complex inner electrode system with about 120000 individual parts. Read More

We study far-from-equilibrium physics of strongly interacting plasmas at criticality and zero charge density for a wide range of dynamical scaling exponents z in d dimensions using holographic methods. In particular, we consider homogeneous isotropization of asymptotically Lifshitz black branes with full backreaction. We find stable evolution and equilibration times that exhibit small dependence of z and are of the order of the inverse temperature. Read More

The amplitude of magnetoresistance quantum oscillations of Al and Be point contacts in a magnetic field parallel to the contact axis has been studied as a function of voltage applied over the contact. It was found that for one group of contacts the oscillation amplitude nonmonotonously increases with the bias voltage increase, while for the other part of the contacts a decrease of amplitude was observed. The scattering of electrons with nonequilibrium phonons and also phonon-phonon collisions will be discussed as the possible reasons of the observed effects. Read More

Magnetoquantum oscillations of resistance as functions of the potential difference applied across the contact are studied for metallic point contacts made of $Al$ and $Be$. The amplitude of resistance oscillations in a magnetic field increases with voltage and is identical to the EPI spectrum of the point contact for one group of contacts, and with the bias voltage across the contact for another. The increase in the oscillation amplitude as well as its decrease has a nonmonotonic dependence on energy. Read More

Several popular graph embedding techniques for representation learning and dimensionality reduction rely on performing computationally expensive eigendecompositions to derive a nonlinear transformation of the input data space. The resulting eigenvectors encode the embedding coordinates for the training samples only, and so the embedding of novel data samples requires further costly computation. In this paper, we present a method for the out-of-sample extension of graph embeddings using deep neural networks (DNN) to parametrically approximate these nonlinear maps. Read More

The chiral magnetic and the chiral vortical effects are recently discovered phenomena arising from chiral gauge and gravitational anomalies that lead to generation of electric currents in presence of magnetic field or vorticity. The magnitude of these effects is determined by the anomalous conductivities. These conductivities can be calculated by the linear response theory, and in the strong coupling limit this calculation can be carried out by the holographic techniques. Read More

New positive-parity states, having a band-like structure, were observed in 105Ru. The nucleus was produced in induced fission reaction and the prompt gamma-rays, emitted from the fragments, were detected by the EUROBALL III multi-detector array. The partial scheme of excited 105Ru levels is analyzed within the Triaxial-Rotor-plus-Particle approach. Read More

An asymmetry as a function of the direction of current flow is observed in the current-voltage characteristic (CVC) and its first and second derivatives for point heterocontacts between pure metals {Cu, Ni, Fe) as well as between these metals and dilute alloys (CuFe, CuMn). It is shown that the observed asymmetry is caused by thermoelectrical phenomena (Seebeck, Peltier, and Thompson effects), observed when the temperature inside the contact differs from the temperature of the bath. In the low energy range (less than or of the order of the Debye energy) the asymmetry of the CVC is affected mainly by the Seebeck effect, while at high energies and for larger contacts (lower resistance) the contributions of all noted effects are of the same order of magnitude. Read More

The neutron-rich nuclei $^{109}$Pd and $^{111}$Pd were produced as fission fragments following the $^{30}$Si + $^{168}$Er reaction at 142 MeV. Using the identification based on the coincidences with the complementary fission fragments, the only positive-parity bands observed so far in $^{109}$Pd and $^{111}$Pd emerged from this work. A band, built on top of the 5/2$^+$ ground state exhibiting $\Delta I$ = 1 energy-level staggering, was observed in each of these nuclei. Read More

The Condon domain phase diagram for beryllium is determined in magnetic fields up to 10 T and at temperatures down to 1.3 K using a standard ac pick-up coil method to measure the de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect. The detection of the transition point from the homogeneous state to the Condon domain state (CDS) is based on the extremely non-linear response to the modulation field resulting from a small irreversibility in the dHvA magnetization. Read More

We present the Condon domain phase diagram for a silver single crystal measured in magnetic fields up to 28 T and temperatures down to 1.3 K. A standard ac method with a pickup coil system is used at low frequency for the measurements of the de Haas-van Alphen effect (dHvA). Read More

The non-Fermi liquid system (NFL) YbCu_(5-x)Al_(x) (x = 1.3 - 1.75) has been investigated in hetero- as well as homo-contact arrangement in magnetic fields up to 22. Read More

We show that adsorbates on surfaces can form islands even if there are no attractive interactions. Instead strong repulsion between adsorbates at short distances can lead to islands, because such islands increase the entropy of the adsorbates that are not part of the islands. We suggest that this mechanism cause the observed island formation in O/Pt(111), but it may be important for many other systems as well. Read More

Using a set of micro Hall probes for the detection of the local induction, the inhomogeneous Condon domain structure has been directly observed at the surface of a pure silver single crystal under strong Landau quantization in magnetic fields up to 10 T. The inhomogeneous induction occurs in the theoretically predicted part of the H-T Condon domain phase diagram. Information about size, shape and orientation of the domains is obtained by analyzing Hall probes placed along and across the long sample axis and by tilting the sample. Read More

A hysteresis loop is observed for the first time in the de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect of beryllium at low temperatures and quantizing magnetic field applied parallel to the hexagonal axis of the single crystal. The irreversible behavior of the magnetization occurs at the paramagnetic part of the dHvA period in conditions of Condon domain formation arising by strong enough dHvA amplitude. The resulting extremely nonlinear response to a very small modulation field offers the possibility to find in a simple way the Condon domain phase diagram. Read More

The temperature driven flow lines of the Hall and dissipative magnetoconductance data (\sigma_{xy},\sigma_{xx}) are studied in the fractional quantum Hall regime for a 2D electron system in GaAs/Al_{x}Ga_{1-x}As heterostructures. The flow lines are rather well described by a recent unified scaling theory developed for both the integer and the fractional quantum Hall effect in a totally spin-polarized 2D electron system which predicts that one (\sigma_{xy},\sigma_{xx}) point determines a complete flow line. Read More

Resistive transitions of an epitaxial Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8+\delta}$ thin film were measured in various magnetic fields ($H\parallel c$), ranging from 0 to 22.0 T. Rounded curvatures of low resistivity tails are observed in Arrhenius plot and considered to relate to deviations from plastic barriers. Read More

With minima in the diagonal conductance G_{xx} and in the absolute value of the derivative |dG_{xy}/dB| at the Hall conductance value G_{xy}=e^{2}/h, spin-splitting is observed in the quantum Hall effect of heavily Si-doped GaAs layers with low electron mobility 2000 cm^2/Vs in spite of the fact that the spin-splitting is much smaller than the level broadening. Experimental results can be explained in the frame of the scaling theory of the quantum Hall effect, applied independently to each of the two spin subbands. Read More

The magnetic grid molecule Mn(II)-[3 x 3] has been studied by high-field torque magnetometry at 3He temperatures. At fields above 5 T, the torque vs. field curves exhibit an unprecedented oscillatory behavior. Read More

Oscillatory variations of the diagonal ($G_{xx}$) and Hall ($G_{xy}$) magnetoconductances are discussed in view of topological scaling effects giving rise to the quantum Hall effect. They occur in a field range without oscillations of the density of states due to Landau quantization, and are, therefore, totally different from the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations. Such oscillations are experimentally observed in disordered GaAs layers in the extreme quantum limit of applied magnetic field with a good description by the unified scaling theory of the integer and fractional quantum Hall effect. Read More

These are lecture notes of a course that I gave to people doing research for their Ph.D. thesis in theoretical chemistry or spectroscopy. Read More

Point-contact spectroscopy measurements on magnesium diboride reveal the existence of two superconducting energy gaps closing at the same transition temperature in line with the multiband model of superconductivity. The sizes of the two gaps ($\Delta_{\pi}$ = 2.8 meV and $\Delta_{\sigma}$ = 6. Read More

We discuss an alternative to the traditional gas-phase coupling approach in order to explain synchronized global oscillations in CO oxidation on Pt(110). We use a minimalist microscopic model which includes structural Pt surface reconstruction via front propagation, and large diffusion rates for CO. The synchronization mechanism is associated with the formation of a Turing-like structure of the substrate. Read More

We have used Dynamic Monte Carlo (DMC) methods and analytical techniques to analyze Single-File Systems for which diffusion is infinitely-fast. We have simplified the Master Equation removing the fast reactions and we have introduced a DMC algorithm for infinitely-fast diffusion. The DMC method for fast diffusion give similar results as the standard DMC with high diffusion rates. Read More

We study the opportunities for parallelism for the simulation of surface reactions. We introduce the concept of a partition and we give new simulation methods based on Cellular Automaton using partitions. We elaborate on the advantages and disadvantages of the derived algorithms comparing with Dynamic Monte Carlo algorithms. Read More

We present a parallel implementation of cellular automata to simulate chemical reactions on surfaces. The scaling of the computer time with the number of processors for this parallel implementation is quite close to the ideal T/P, where T is the computer time used for one single processor and P the number of processors. Two examples are presented to test the algorithm, the simple A+B->0 model and a realistic model for CO oxidation on Pt(110). Read More

We have used Monte-Carlo methods and analytical techniques to investigate the influence of the characteristics, such as pipe length, diffusion, adsorption, desorption and reaction rates on the transient properties of Single-File Systems. The transient or the relaxation regime is the period in which the system is evolving to equilibrium. We have studied the system when all the sites are reactive and when only some of them are reactive. Read More

We derive analytical expressions for the reactivity of a Single-File System with fast diffusion and adsorption and desorption at one end. If the conversion reaction is fast, then the reactivity depends only very weakly on the system size, and the conversion is about 100%. If the reaction is slow, then the reactivity becomes proportional to the system size, the loading, and the reaction rate constant. Read More

We report on specific heat, high magnetic field transport and $ac-$susceptibility measurements on magnesium diboride single crystals. The upper critical field $H_{c2}$ for magnetic fields perpendicular and parallel to the Mg and B planes is presented for the first time in the entire temperature range. A very different temperature dependence has been observed in the two directions which yields to a temperature dependent anisotropy with $\Gamma \sim$ 5 at low temperatures and about 2 near $T_c$. Read More

The temperature driven flow lines of the diagonal and Hall magnetoconductance data (G_{xx},G_{xy}) are studied in heavily Si-doped, disordered GaAs layers with different thicknesses. The flow lines are quantitatively well described by a recent universal scaling theory developed for the case of duality symmetry. The separatrix G_{xy}=1 (in units e^2/h) separates an insulating state from a spin-degenerate quantum Hall effect (QHE) state. Read More

We have used Monte-Carlo methods and analytical techniques to investigate the influence of the characteristic parameters, such as pipe length, diffusion, adsorption, desorption and reaction rate constants on the steady-state properties of Single-File Systems with a reaction. We looked at cases when all the sites are reactive and when only some of them are reactive. Comparisons between Mean-Field predictions and Monte-Carlo simulations for the occupancy profiles and reactivity are made. Read More

Thermodynamic (specific heat, reversible magnetization, tunneling spectroscopy) and transport measurements have been performed on high quality (K,Ba)BiO$_3$ single crystals. The temperature dependence of the magnetic field $H_{Cp}$ corresponding to the onset of the specific heat anomaly presents a clear positive curvature. $H_{Cp}$ is significantly smaller than the field $H_\Delta$ for which the superconducting gap vanishes but is closely related to the irreversibility line deduced from transport data. Read More

The temperature and angular dependencies of the resistive upper critical magnetic field $B_{c2}$ reveal a dimensional crossover of the superconducting state in the highly anisotropic misfit-layer single crystal of (LaSe)$_{1.14}$(NbSe$_2$) with the critical temperature $T_c$ of 1.23 K. Read More

Magneto-resistivity of a c-axis oriented MgB$_{2}$ thin film was studied in perpendicular and parallel magnetic fields up to $\sim $23 T with temperatures down to 0.38 K. Resistive critical magnetic fields were determined. Read More

Magnetotransport measurements are presented on polycrystalline MgB2 samples. The resistive upper critical magnetic field reveals a temperature dependence with a positive curvature from Tc = 39.3 K down to about 20 K, then changes to a slightly negative curvature reaching 25 T at 1. Read More

We present a study of Nernst effect in underdoped $La_{2-x}Sr_xCuO_4$ in magnetic fields as high as 28T. At high fields, a sizeable Nernst signal was found to persist in presence of a field-induced non-metallic resistivity. By simultaneously measuring resistivity and the Nernst coefficient, we extract the entropy of vortex cores in the vicinity of this field-induced superconductor-insulator transition. Read More

We investigate the magnetoresistance of epitaxially grown, heavily doped n-type GaAs layers with thickness (40-50 nm) larger than the electronic mean free path (23 nm). The temperature dependence of the dissipative resistance R_{xx} in the quantum Hall effect regime can be well described by a hopping law (R_{xx} \propto exp{-(T_0/T)^p}) with p=0.6. Read More

Affiliations: 1Eindhoven University of Technology, 2Eindhoven University of Technology

We present results of wavepacket simulations of scattering of an oriented methane molecule from a flat surface including all nine internal vibrations. At a translational energy up to 96 kJ/mol we find that the scattering is almost completely elastic. Vibrational excitations when the molecule hits the surface and the corresponding deformation depend on generic features of the potential energy surface. Read More

Experimental support is found for the multiband model of the superconductivity in the recently discovered system MgB2 with the transition temperature Tc = 39 K. By means of Andreev reflection evidence is obtained for two distinct superconducting energy gaps. The sizes of the two gaps (Delta_S = 2. Read More

We present classical trajectory calculations of the rotational vibrational scattering of a non-rigid methane molecule from a Ni(111) surface. Energy dissipation and scattering angles have been studied as a function of the translational kinetic energy, the incidence angle, the (rotational) nozzle temperature, and the surface temperature. Scattering angles are somewhat towards the surface for the incidence angles of 30, 45, and 60 degree at a translational energy of 96 kJ/mol. Read More

Magnetization and magnetoresistance measurements are reported for antiferromagnetically coupled DyFe$_2$/YFe$_2$ multilayers in fields up to 23 T. We demonstrate that the formation of short exchange springs (~ 2 nm) in the magnetically soft YFe$_2$ layers results in a giant magneto-resistance as high as 32% in the spring region. It is shown that both the magnitude of the effect, and its dependence on magnetic field, are in good agreement with the theory of Levy and Zhang for giant magnetoresistance due to domain wall like structures. Read More