A. Esser - University of Marburg

A. Esser
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Name
A. Esser
Affiliation
University of Marburg
City
Marburg
Country
Germany

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Nuclear Experiment (12)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics (1)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)

Publications Authored By A. Esser

We report on a new experimental method based on initial-state radiation (ISR) in e-p scattering, in which the radiative tail of the elastic e-p peak contains information on the proton charge form factor ($G_E^p$) at extremely small $Q^2$. The ISR technique was validated in a dedicated experiment using the spectrometers of the A1-Collaboration at the Mainz Microtron (MAMI). This provided first measurements of $G_E^p$ for $0. Read More

For the first time a vertically polarized electron beam has been used for physics experiments at MAMI in the energy range between 180 and 855 MeV. The beam-normal single-spin asymmetry $A_{\mathrm{n}}$, which is a direct probe of higher-order photon exchange beyond the first Born approximation, has been measured in the reaction $^{12}\mathrm C(\vec e,e')^{12}\mathrm C$. Vertical polarization orientation was necessary to measure this asymmetry with the existing experimental setup. Read More

The cross section of the $p(e,e'\pi^+)n$ reaction has been measured for five kinematic settings at an invariant mass of $W = 1094$ MeV and for a four-momentum transfer of $Q^2 = 0.078$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$. The measurement has been performed at MAMI using a new short-orbit spectrometer (SOS) of the A1 collaboration, intended for detection of low-energy pions. Read More

2016Feb
Affiliations: 1School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 2School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 3Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 4Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 5Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 6Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 7Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia, 8Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 9Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 10Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 11Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 12Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia, 13Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08855, USA, 14School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 15School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 16Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 17Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 18Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 19Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 20School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 21Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 22University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA, 23Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 24Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel, 25Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 26Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 27Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 28Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 29Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 30Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 31Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 32Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany

Possible differences between free and bound protons may be observed in the ratio of polarization-transfer components, $P'_x/P'_z$. We report the measurement of $P'_x/P'_z$, in the $^2\textrm{H}(\vec{e},e^{\prime}\vec{p})n$ reaction at low and high missing momenta. Observed increasing deviation of $P'_x/P'_z$ from that of a free proton as a function of the virtuality, similar to that observed in \hefour, indicates that the effect in nuclei is due to the virtuality of the knock-out proton and not due to the average nuclear density. Read More

At the Mainz Microtron MAMI, the first high-resolution pion spectroscopy from decays of strange systems was performed by electron scattering off a Be-9 target in order to study the ground-state masses of Lambda-hypernuclei. Positively charged kaons were detected by a short-orbit spectrometer with a broad momentum acceptance at zero degree forward angles with respect to the beam, efficiently tagging the production of strangeness in the target nucleus. In coincidence, negatively charged decay-pions were detected by two independent high-resolution spectrometers. Read More

A massive, but light abelian U(1) gauge boson is a well motivated possible signature of physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. In this paper, the search for the signal of such a U(1) gauge boson in electron-positron pair-production at the spectrometer setup of the A1 Collaboration at the Mainz Microtron (MAMI) is described. Exclusion limits in the mass range of 40 MeV up to 300 MeV with a sensitivity in the mixing parameter of down to $\epsilon^2 = 8\times 10^{-7}$ are presented. Read More

The paper describes a precise measurement of electron scattering off the proton at momentum transfers of $0.003 \lesssim Q^2 \lesssim 1$\ GeV$^2$. The average point-to-point error of the cross sections in this experiment is $\sim$ 0. Read More

In the Kaos spectrometer at the Mainz Microtron a high-resolution coordinate detector for high-energy particles is operated. It consists of scintillating fibres with diameters of < 1mm and is read out by > 4000 multi-anode photomultiplier channels. It is one of the most modern focal-plane detectors for magnetic spectrometers world-wide. Read More

The Kaos spectrometer is maintained by the A1 collaboration at the Mainz Microtron MAMI with a focus on the study of (e,e'K^+) coincidence reactions. For its electron-arm two vertical planes of fiber arrays, each comprising approximately 10 000 fibers, are operated close to zero degree scattering angle and in close proximity to the electron beam. A nearly dead-time free DAQ system to acquire timing and tracking information has been installed for this spectrometer arm. Read More

Cross section measurements of the exclusive p(e,e'K+)Lambda,Sigma^0 electroproduction reactions have been performed at the Mainz Microtron MAMI in the A1 spectrometer facility using for the first time the Kaos spectrometer for kaon detection. These processes were studied in a kinematical region not covered by any previous experiment. The nucleon was probed in its third resonance region with virtual photons of low four-momenta, Q^2= 0. Read More

Wire chambers are routinely operated as tracking detectors in magnetic spectrometers at high-intensity continuous electron beams. Especially in experiments studying reactions with small cross-sections the reaction yield is limited by the background rate in the chambers. One way to determine the track of a charged particle through a multi-wire proportional chamber (MWPC) is the measurement of the charge distribution induced on its cathodes. Read More

A new exclusion limit for the electromagnetic production of a light U(1) gauge boson {\gamma}' decaying to e^+e^- was determined by the A1 Collaboration at the Mainz Microtron. Such light gauge bosons appear in several extensions of the standard model and are also discussed as candidates for the interaction of dark matter with standard model matter. In electron scattering from a heavy nucleus, the existing limits for a narrow state coupling to e^+e^- were reduced by nearly an order of magnitude in the range of the lepton pair mass of 210 MeV/c^2 < m_e^+e^- < 300 MeV/c^2. Read More

New precise results of a measurement of the elastic electron-proton scattering cross section performed at the Mainz Microtron MAMI are presented. About 1400 cross sections were measured with negative four-momentum transfers squared up to Q^2=1 (GeV/c)^2 with statistical errors below 0.2%. Read More

On the basis of a quantum-statistical approach to the electrical conductivity of nonideal plasmas we derive analytical results in the classical low-density regime, in the degenerate Born limit, and for the contribution of the Debye-Onsager relaxation effect. These explicit results are used to construct an improved interpolation formula of the electrical conductivity valid in a wide range of temperature and density which allows to compare with available experimental data of nonideal plasmas. Read More

Variations in the width of a quantum well (QW) are known to be a source of broadening of the exciton line. Using low temperature near-field optical microscopy, we have exploited the dependence of exciton energy on well-width to show that in GaAs QWs, these seemingly random well-width fluctuations actually exhibit well-defined order -- strong long-range correlations appearing laterally, in the plane of the QW, as well as vertically, between QWs grown one on top of the other. We show that these fluctuations are correlated with the commonly found mound structure on the surface. Read More

We suggest a new, renormalization group (RG) based, nonperturbative method for treating the intermittency problem of fully developed turbulence which also includes the effects of a finite boundary of the turbulent flow. The key idea is not to try to construct an elimination procedure based on some assumed statistical distribution, but to make an ansatz for possible RG transformations and to pose constraints upon those, which guarantee the invariance of the nonlinear term in the Navier-Stokes equation, the invariance of the energy dissipation, and other basic properties of the velocity field. The role of length scales is taken to be inverse to that in the theory of critical phenomena; thus possible intermittency corrections are connected with the outer length scale. Read More

1995Sep
Affiliations: 1University of Marburg, 2University of Marburg
Category:

We analyze the mechanism that determines the boundary of stability in Taylor-Couette flow. By simple physical argument we derive an analytic expression to approximate the stability line for all radius ratios and all speed ratios, for co- and counterrotating cylinders. The expression includes viscosity and so generalizes Rayleigh's criterion. Read More