# A. Dobado - speaker, University Complutense de Madrid

## Contact Details

NameA. Dobado |
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Affiliationspeaker, University Complutense de Madrid |
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CityMadrid |
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CountrySpain |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (38) Astrophysics (7) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (7) High Energy Physics - Theory (6) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (5) Nuclear Theory (5) High Energy Physics - Experiment (2) Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1) |

## Publications Authored By A. Dobado

In this work we consider the ontological status of the Unruh effect. Is it just a formal mathematical result? Or the temperature detected by an accelerating observer can lead to real physical effects such as phase transition. In order to clarify this issue we use the Thermalization Theorem to explore the possibility of having a restoration of the symmetry in a system with spontaneous symmetry breaking of an internal continuous symmetry as seen by an accelerating observer. Read More

**Authors:**D. de Florian

^{1}, C. Grojean

^{2}, F. Maltoni

^{3}, C. Mariotti

^{4}, A. Nikitenko

^{5}, M. Pieri

^{6}, P. Savard

^{7}, M. Schumacher

^{8}, R. Tanaka

^{9}, R. Aggleton

^{10}, M. Ahmad

^{11}, B. Allanach

^{12}, C. Anastasiou

^{13}, W. Astill

^{14}, S. Badger

^{15}, M. Badziak

^{16}, J. Baglio

^{17}, E. Bagnaschi

^{18}, A. Ballestrero

^{19}, A. Banfi

^{20}, D. Barducci

^{21}, M. Beckingham

^{22}, C. Becot

^{23}, G. Bélanger

^{24}, J. Bellm

^{25}, N. Belyaev

^{26}, F. U. Bernlochner

^{27}, C. Beskidt

^{28}, A. Biekötter

^{29}, F. Bishara

^{30}, W. Bizon

^{31}, N. E. Bomark

^{32}, M. Bonvini

^{33}, S. Borowka

^{34}, V. Bortolotto

^{35}, S. Boselli

^{36}, F. J. Botella

^{37}, R. Boughezal

^{38}, G. C. Branco

^{39}, J. Brehmer

^{40}, L. Brenner

^{41}, S. Bressler

^{42}, I. Brivio

^{43}, A. Broggio

^{44}, H. Brun

^{45}, G. Buchalla

^{46}, C. D. Burgard

^{47}, A. Calandri

^{48}, L. Caminada

^{49}, R. Caminal Armadans

^{50}, F. Campanario

^{51}, J. Campbell

^{52}, F. Caola

^{53}, C. M. Carloni Calame

^{54}, S. Carrazza

^{55}, A. Carvalho

^{56}, M. Casolino

^{57}, O. Cata

^{58}, A. Celis

^{59}, F. Cerutti

^{60}, N. Chanon

^{61}, M. Chen

^{62}, X. Chen

^{63}, B. Chokoufé Nejad

^{64}, N. Christensen

^{65}, M. Ciuchini

^{66}, R. Contino

^{67}, T. Corbett

^{68}, D. Curtin

^{69}, M. Dall'Osso

^{70}, A. David

^{71}, S. Dawson

^{72}, J. de Blas

^{73}, W. de Boer

^{74}, P. de Castro Manzano

^{75}, C. Degrande

^{76}, R. L. Delgado

^{77}, F. Demartin

^{78}, A. Denner

^{79}, B. Di Micco

^{80}, R. Di Nardo

^{81}, S. Dittmaier

^{82}, A. Dobado

^{83}, T. Dorigo

^{84}, F. A. Dreyer

^{85}, M. Dührssen

^{86}, C. Duhr

^{87}, F. Dulat

^{88}, K. Ecker

^{89}, K. Ellis

^{90}, U. Ellwanger

^{91}, C. Englert

^{92}, D. Espriu

^{93}, A. Falkowski

^{94}, L. Fayard

^{95}, R. Feger

^{96}, G. Ferrera

^{97}, A. Ferroglia

^{98}, N. Fidanza

^{99}, T. Figy

^{100}, M. Flechl

^{101}, D. Fontes

^{102}, S. Forte

^{103}, P. Francavilla

^{104}, E. Franco

^{105}, R. Frederix

^{106}, A. Freitas

^{107}, F. F. Freitas

^{108}, F. Frensch

^{109}, S. Frixione

^{110}, B. Fuks

^{111}, E. Furlan

^{112}, S. Gadatsch

^{113}, J. Gao

^{114}, Y. Gao

^{115}, M. V. Garzelli

^{116}, T. Gehrmann

^{117}, R. Gerosa

^{118}, M. Ghezzi

^{119}, D. Ghosh

^{120}, S. Gieseke

^{121}, D. Gillberg

^{122}, G. F. Giudice

^{123}, E. W. N. Glover

^{124}, F. Goertz

^{125}, D. Gonçalves

^{126}, J. Gonzalez-Fraile

^{127}, M. Gorbahn

^{128}, S. Gori

^{129}, C. A. Gottardo

^{130}, M. Gouzevitch

^{131}, P. Govoni

^{132}, D. Gray

^{133}, M. Grazzini

^{134}, N. Greiner

^{135}, A. Greljo

^{136}, J. Grigo

^{137}, A. V. Gritsan

^{138}, R. Gröber

^{139}, S. Guindon

^{140}, H. E. Haber

^{141}, C. Han

^{142}, T. Han

^{143}, R. Harlander

^{144}, M. A. Harrendorf

^{145}, H. B. Hartanto

^{146}, C. Hays

^{147}, S. Heinemeyer

^{148}, G. Heinrich

^{149}, M. Herrero

^{150}, F. Herzog

^{151}, B. Hespel

^{152}, V. Hirschi

^{153}, S. Hoeche

^{154}, S. Honeywell

^{155}, S. J. Huber

^{156}, C. Hugonie

^{157}, J. Huston

^{158}, A. Ilnicka

^{159}, G. Isidori

^{160}, B. Jäger

^{161}, M. Jaquier

^{162}, S. P. Jones

^{163}, A. Juste

^{164}, S. Kallweit

^{165}, A. Kaluza

^{166}, A. Kardos

^{167}, A. Karlberg

^{168}, Z. Kassabov

^{169}, N. Kauer

^{170}, D. I. Kazakov

^{171}, M. Kerner

^{172}, W. Kilian

^{173}, F. Kling

^{174}, K. Köneke

^{175}, R. Kogler

^{176}, R. Konoplich

^{177}, S. Kortner

^{178}, S. Kraml

^{179}, C. Krause

^{180}, F. Krauss

^{181}, M. Krawczyk

^{182}, A. Kulesza

^{183}, S. Kuttimalai

^{184}, R. Lane

^{185}, A. Lazopoulos

^{186}, G. Lee

^{187}, P. Lenzi

^{188}, I. M. Lewis

^{189}, Y. Li

^{190}, S. Liebler

^{191}, J. Lindert

^{192}, X. Liu

^{193}, Z. Liu

^{194}, F. J. Llanes-Estrada

^{195}, H. E. Logan

^{196}, D. Lopez-Val

^{197}, I. Low

^{198}, G. Luisoni

^{199}, P. Maierhöfer

^{200}, E. Maina

^{201}, B. Mansoulié

^{202}, H. Mantler

^{203}, M. Mantoani

^{204}, A. C. Marini

^{205}, V. I. Martinez Outschoorn

^{206}, S. Marzani

^{207}, D. Marzocca

^{208}, A. Massironi

^{209}, K. Mawatari

^{210}, J. Mazzitelli

^{211}, A. McCarn

^{212}, B. Mellado

^{213}, K. Melnikov

^{214}, S. B. Menari

^{215}, L. Merlo

^{216}, C. Meyer

^{217}, P. Milenovic

^{218}, K. Mimasu

^{219}, S. Mishima

^{220}, B. Mistlberger

^{221}, S. -O. Moch

^{222}, A. Mohammadi

^{223}, P. F. Monni

^{224}, G. Montagna

^{225}, M. Moreno Llácer

^{226}, N. Moretti

^{227}, S. Moretti

^{228}, L. Motyka

^{229}, A. Mück

^{230}, M. Mühlleitner

^{231}, S. Munir

^{232}, P. Musella

^{233}, P. Nadolsky

^{234}, D. Napoletano

^{235}, M. Nebot

^{236}, C. Neu

^{237}, M. Neubert

^{238}, R. Nevzorov

^{239}, O. Nicrosini

^{240}, J. Nielsen

^{241}, K. Nikolopoulos

^{242}, J. M. No

^{243}, C. O'Brien

^{244}, T. Ohl

^{245}, C. Oleari

^{246}, T. Orimoto

^{247}, D. Pagani

^{248}, C. E. Pandini

^{249}, A. Papaefstathiou

^{250}, A. S. Papanastasiou

^{251}, G. Passarino

^{252}, B. D. Pecjak

^{253}, M. Pelliccioni

^{254}, G. Perez

^{255}, L. Perrozzi

^{256}, F. Petriello

^{257}, G. Petrucciani

^{258}, E. Pianori

^{259}, F. Piccinini

^{260}, M. Pierini

^{261}, A. Pilkington

^{262}, S. Plätzer

^{263}, T. Plehn

^{264}, R. Podskubka

^{265}, C. T. Potter

^{266}, S. Pozzorini

^{267}, K. Prokofiev

^{268}, A. Pukhov

^{269}, I. Puljak

^{270}, M. Queitsch-Maitland

^{271}, J. Quevillon

^{272}, D. Rathlev

^{273}, M. Rauch

^{274}, E. Re

^{275}, M. N. Rebelo

^{276}, D. Rebuzzi

^{277}, L. Reina

^{278}, C. Reuschle

^{279}, J. Reuter

^{280}, M. Riembau

^{281}, F. Riva

^{282}, A. Rizzi

^{283}, T. Robens

^{284}, R. Röntsch

^{285}, J. Rojo

^{286}, J. C. Romão

^{287}, N. Rompotis

^{288}, J. Roskes

^{289}, R. Roth

^{290}, G. P. Salam

^{291}, R. Salerno

^{292}, R. Santos

^{293}, V. Sanz

^{294}, J. J. Sanz-Cillero

^{295}, H. Sargsyan

^{296}, U. Sarica

^{297}, P. Schichtel

^{298}, J. Schlenk

^{299}, T. Schmidt

^{300}, C. Schmitt

^{301}, M. Schönherr

^{302}, U. Schubert

^{303}, M. Schulze

^{304}, S. Sekula

^{305}, M. Sekulla

^{306}, E. Shabalina

^{307}, H. S. Shao

^{308}, J. Shelton

^{309}, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous

^{310}, S. Y. Shim

^{311}, F. Siegert

^{312}, A. Signer

^{313}, J. P. Silva

^{314}, L. Silvestrini

^{315}, M. Sjodahl

^{316}, P. Slavich

^{317}, M. Slawinska

^{318}, L. Soffi

^{319}, M. Spannowsky

^{320}, C. Speckner

^{321}, D. M. Sperka

^{322}, M. Spira

^{323}, O. Stål

^{324}, F. Staub

^{325}, T. Stebel

^{326}, T. Stefaniak

^{327}, M. Steinhauser

^{328}, I. W. Stewart

^{329}, M. J. Strassler

^{330}, J. Streicher

^{331}, D. M. Strom

^{332}, S. Su

^{333}, X. Sun

^{334}, F. J. Tackmann

^{335}, K. Tackmann

^{336}, A. M. Teixeira

^{337}, R. Teixeira de Lima

^{338}, V. Theeuwes

^{339}, R. Thorne

^{340}, D. Tommasini

^{341}, P. Torrielli

^{342}, M. Tosi

^{343}, F. Tramontano

^{344}, Z. Trócsányi

^{345}, M. Trott

^{346}, I. Tsinikos

^{347}, M. Ubiali

^{348}, P. Vanlaer

^{349}, W. Verkerke

^{350}, A. Vicini

^{351}, L. Viliani

^{352}, E. Vryonidou

^{353}, D. Wackeroth

^{354}, C. E. M. Wagner

^{355}, J. Wang

^{356}, S. Wayand

^{357}, G. Weiglein

^{358}, C. Weiss

^{359}, M. Wiesemann

^{360}, C. Williams

^{361}, J. Winter

^{362}, D. Winterbottom

^{363}, R. Wolf

^{364}, M. Xiao

^{365}, L. L. Yang

^{366}, R. Yohay

^{367}, S. P. Y. Yuen

^{368}, G. Zanderighi

^{369}, M. Zaro

^{370}, D. Zeppenfeld

^{371}, R. Ziegler

^{372}, T. Zirke

^{373}, J. Zupan

^{374}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}eds.,

^{2}eds.,

^{3}eds.,

^{4}eds.,

^{5}eds.,

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^{8}eds.,

^{9}eds.,

^{10}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{11}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

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^{26}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

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^{328}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{329}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{330}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{331}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{332}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{333}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{334}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{335}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{336}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{337}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{338}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{339}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{340}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{341}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{342}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{343}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{344}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{345}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{346}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{347}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{348}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{349}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{350}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{351}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{352}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{353}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{354}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{355}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{356}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{357}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{358}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{359}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{360}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{361}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{362}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{363}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{364}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{365}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{366}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{367}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{368}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{369}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{370}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{371}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{372}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{373}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{374}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group

This Report summarizes the results of the activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group in the period 2014-2016. The main goal of the working group was to present the state-of-the-art of Higgs physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first part compiles the most up-to-date predictions of Higgs boson production cross sections and decay branching ratios, parton distribution functions, and off-shell Higgs boson production and interference effects. Read More

We define and calculate helicity partial-wave amplitudes for processes linking the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector (EWSBS) to $\gamma\gamma$, employing (to NLO) the Higgs-EFT (HEFT) extension of the Standard Model and the Equivalence Theorem, while neglecting all particle masses. The resulting amplitudes can be useful in the energy regime ($500\,{\rm GeV}-3\,{\rm TeV}$). We also deal with their unitarization so that resonances of the EWSBS can simultaneously be described in the $\gamma\gamma$ initial or final states. Read More

By using a Non-linear Electroweak Chiral Lagrangian, including the Higgs, coupled to heavy quarks, and the Equivalence Theorem, we compute (in the regime $M_t^2/v^2\ll\sqrt{s}M_t/v^2\ll s/v^2$) the one-loop amplitudes $W^+W^-\to t\bar t$, $ZZ\to t\bar t$ and $hh\to t\bar t$ (to NLO in the effective theory). We calculate the scalar partial-wave helicity amplitudes which allow us to check unitarity at the perturbative level in both $M_t/v$ and $s/v$. As with growing energy perturbative unitarity deteriorates, we also introduce a new unitarization method with the right analytical behavior on the complex $s$-plane and that can support poles on the second Riemann sheet to describe resonances in terms of the Lagrangian couplings. Read More

**Authors:**Antonio Dobado

^{1}, Rafael L. Delgado

^{2}, Felipe J. Llanes-Estrada

^{3}, Domenec Espriu

^{4}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}speaker, U. Complutense de Madrid,

^{2}speaker, U. Complutense de Madrid,

^{3}speaker, U. Complutense de Madrid,

^{4}U. Barcelona

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Tantalizing LHC hints suggest that resonances of the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector might exist at the TeV scale. We recall a few key meson-meson resonances in the GeV region that could have high-energy analogues which we compare, as well as the corresponding unitarized effective theories describing them. While detailed dynamics may be different, the constraints of unitarity, causality and global-symmetry breaking, incorporated in the Inverse Amplitude Method, allow to carry some intuition over to the largely unmeasured higher energy domain. Read More

If new resonances of the electroweak symmetry breaking sector (longitudinal-gauge and Higgs) bosons are found in the 1-3 TeV region, the right tool to assess their properties and confront experimental data in a largely model-independent yet simple manner is Unitarized Effective Theory. Its ingredients are: 1) custodial symmetry and the Equivalence Theorem, that allow to approximate W_L and Z_L by an isospin-triplet of Goldstone bosons omega^a in the 1-TeV region. 2) The effective coupling of a generic, approximately massless scalar-isoscalar h to those Goldstone bosons, and the chiral Lagrangian describing them, valid up to about 3 TeV. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Complutense Madrid,

^{2}Univ. Complutense Madrid,

^{3}Univ. Complutense Madrid

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The LHC is now exploring the 1-3 TeV scale where resonances of the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector might exist. If so, Unitarized Effective Theory can be used to describe the data with all the constraints of unitarity, causality and global-symmetry breaking, and to find the resonance positions in the complex s-plane. From any resonances found, one can infer the parameters of the universal Effective Lagrangian, and those may be used to inform higher-energy theories (UV completions) that can be matched to it. Read More

We are exploring a generic strongly-interacting Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector (EWSBS) with the low-energy effectie field theory for the four experimentally known particles ($W_L^\pm$, $Z_L$, $h$) and its dispersion-relation based unitary extension. In this contribution we provide simple estimates for the production cross section of pairs of the EWSBS bosons and their resonances at proton-proton colliders as well as in a future $e^-e^+$ (or potentially a $\mu^-\mu^+$) collider with a typical few-TeV energy. We examine the simplest production mechanisms, tree-level production through a $W$ (dominant when quantum numbers allow) and the simple effective boson approximation (in which the electroweak bosons are considered as collinear partons of the colliding fermions). Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}U. Complutense Madrid,

^{2}U. Complutense Madrid,

^{3}U. Oviedo

We point out that in the early universe, for temperatures in the approximate interval 175-80 MeV (after the quark-gluon plasma), pions carried a large share of the entropy and supported the largest inhomogeneities. Thus, we examine the production of entropy in a pion gas, particularizing to inhomogeneities of the temperature, for which we benefit from the known thermal conductivity. We finally put that entropy produced in relaxing such thermal inhomogeneities in the broad context of this relatively unexplored phase of early-universe cosmology. Read More

If the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector turns out to be strongly interacting, the actively investigated effective theory for longitudinal gauge bosons plus Higgs can be efficiently extended to cover the regime of saturation of unitarity (where the perturbative expansion breaks down). This is achieved by dispersion relations, whose subtraction constants and left cut contribution can be approximately obtained in different ways giving rise to different unitarization procedures. We illustrate the ideas with the Inverse Amplitude Method, one version of the N/D method and another improved version of the K-matrix. Read More

The apparent finding of a 125 GeV light Higgs boson would close the minimal Standard Model (SM), that is weakly interacting. This is an exceptional feature not generally true if new physics exists beyond the mass gap found at the LHC up to 700 GeV. Any such new physics would induce departures from the SM in the low-energy dynamics for the minimal electroweak symmetry-breaking sector (EWSBS), with three Goldstone bosons (related to longitudinal W and Z bosons) and one light Higgs-like scalar. Read More

In these proceedings we provide a brief summary of the findings of a previous article where we have studied the photon-photon scattering into longitudinal weak bosons within the context of the electroweak chiral Lagrangian with a light Higgs, a low-energy effective field theory including a Higgs-like scalar singlet and where the electroweak would-be Goldstone bosons are non-linearly realized. We consider the relevant Lagrangian up to next-to-leading order in the chiral counting, which is explained in some detail here. We find that these amplitudes are ultraviolet finite and the relevant combinations of next-to-leading parameters ($c_\gamma$ and $a_1-a_2+a_3$) do not get renormalized. Read More

Recently, a new boson h has been discovered at the LHC which, so far, is compatible with the properties of the SM Higgs. However, the SM is not the most general low-energy dynamics for the minimal electroweak symmetry breaking sector with three Goldstone bosons and one light scalar. By using non-linear effective Lagrangian for these four particles we study different processes at one-loop precision, identifying the counterterms needed to cancel the divergences. Read More

In these proceedings we discuss our recent work on $\gamma\gamma\to W^+_L W^-_L$ and $\gamma\gamma\to Z_L Z_L$ within the framework of Electroweak Chiral Lagrangians with a light Higgs. These observables are good candidates to provide indications of physics beyond the Standard Model and can complement other analyses and global fits. Making use of the equivalence theorem, we have performed the computation up to the next-to-leading order in the chiral expansion, i. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Complutense de Madrid,

^{2}Univ. Complutense de Madrid,

^{3}Univ. Complutense de Madrid

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We propose and theoretically study a possible new resonance caused by strong coupling between the Higgs-Higgs and the W_L W_L (Z_L Z_L) scattering channels, without regard to the intensity of the elastic interaction in either channel at low energy (that could be weak as in the Standard Model). We expose this channel-coupling resonance from unitarity and dispersion relations encoded in the Inverse Amplitude Method, applied to the Electroweak Chiral Lagrangian with a scalar Higgs. Read More

In this work we study the $\gamma\gamma\to W^+_L W^-_L$ and $\gamma\gamma\to Z_L Z_L$ scattering processes within the effective chiral Lagrangian approach, including a light Higgs-like scalar as a dynamical field together with the would-be-Goldstone bosons $w^\pm$ and $z$ associated to the electroweak symmetry breaking. This approach is inspired by the possibility that the Higgs-like boson be a composite particle behaving as another Goldstone boson, and assumes the existence of a mass gap between $m_h$, $m_W$, $m_Z$ and the potential new emergent resonances, setting an intermediate energy region (above $m_{h,W,Z}$ and below the resonance masses) where the use of these effective chiral Lagrangians are the most appropriate tools to compute the relevant observables. We analyse in detail the proper chiral counting rules for the present case of photon-photon scattering and provide the computation of the one-loop $\gamma\gamma\to W^+_L W^-_L$ and $\gamma\gamma\to Z_L Z_L$ scattering amplitudes within this Effective Chiral Lagrangian approach and the Equivalence Theorem, including a discussion on the involved renormalization procedure. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}contact author,

^{2}Univ. Complutense Madrid,

^{3}Univ. Complutense Madrid

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The apparent finding of a 125-GeV light Higgs boson closes unitarity of the minimal Standard Model (SM), that is weakly interacting: this is an exceptional feature not generally true if new physics exists beyond the mass gap found at the LHC up to 700 GeV. Such new physics induces departures of the low-energy dynamics for the minimal electroweak symmetry-breaking sector, with three Goldstone bosons (related to longitudinal W bosons) and one light scalar, from the SM couplings. We calculate the scattering amplitudes among these four particles and their partial-wave projections in effective theory. Read More

In this work we address the issue of studying the conditions required to guarantee the Focusing Theorem for both null and timelike geodesic congruences by using the Raychaudhuri equation. In particular we study the case of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker as well as more general Bianchi Type I spacetimes. The fulfillment of the Focusing Theorem is mandatory in small scales since it accounts for the attractive character of gravity. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Complutense de Madrid,

^{2}Univ. Complutense de Madrid,

^{3}Univ. Complutense de Madrid

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

By including the recently discovered Higgs-like scalar $\varphi$ in the Electroweak Chiral Lagrangian, and using the Equivalence Theorem, we carry out the complete one-loop computation of the elastic scattering amplitude for the longitudinal components of the gauge bosons $V=W, Z$ at high energy. We also compute $\varphi\varphi \rightarrow \varphi\varphi$ and the inelastic process $VV\rightarrow \varphi\varphi$, and identify the counterterms needed to cancel the divergences, namely the well known $a_4$ and $a_5$ chiral parameters plus three additional ones only superficially treated in the literature because of their dimension 8. Finally we compute all the partial waves and discuss the limitations of the one-loop computation due to only approximate unitarity. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Complutense de Madrid,

^{2}Univ. Complutense de Madrid,

^{3}Univ. Complutense de Madrid

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The claimed finding of a light Higgs boson makes the minimal Standard Model unitary. Yet we recall that the general low-energy dynamics for the minimal electroweak symmetry breaking sector with three Goldstone bosons and one light scalar is not so. We construct the effective Lagrangian for these four particles and their scattering amplitudes, that can be extracted from LHC experiments when longitudinal W, Z modes be properly isolated for E>>M_W (Equivalence Theorem). Read More

We explore the viscosities of a photon gas by means of the Euler-Heisenberg effective theory and quantum electrodynamics at zero electron chemical potential. We find parametric estimates that show a very large shear viscosity and an extremely small bulk viscosity (reflecting the very weak coupling simultaneously with a very approximate dilatation invariance). The system is of some interest because it exemplifies very neatly the influence of the breaking of scale invariance on the bulk viscosity. Read More

We study the possibility of testing some generic properties of Brane-World scenarios at the LHC. In particular, we pay attention to KK-graviton and branon production. Both signals can be dominant depending on the value of the brane tension. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Madrid Complutense University,

^{2}Madrid Complutense University,

^{3}ACGC and University of Cape Town,

^{4}Madrid Complutense University

**Category:**General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

In General Relativity without a cosmological constant a non-positive contribution from the space-time geometry to Raychaudhuri equation is found provided that particular energy conditions are assumed and regardless the considered solution of the Einstein's equations. This fact is usually interpreted as a manifestation of the attractive character of gravity. Nevertheless, a positive contribution to Raychaudhuri equation from space-time geometry should occur since this is the case in an accelerated expanding Robertson-Walker model for congruences followed by fundamental observers. Read More

In this work we deal with the critical behavior of the bulk viscosity in the linear sigma model (LSM) as an example of a system which can be treated by using different techniques. Starting from the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck equation we compute the bulk viscosity over entropy density of the LSM in the large-N limit. We search for a possible maximum of the bulk viscosity over entropy density at the critical temperature of the chiral phase transition. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}U. Complutense Madrid,

^{2}U. Complutense Madrid,

^{3}U. Murcia

In General Relativity there is a maximum mass allowed for neutron stars that, if exceeded, entails their collapse into a black hole. Its precise value depends on details of the nuclear matter equation of state about which we are much more certain thanks to recent progress in low-energy effective theories. The discovery of a two-solar mass neutron star, near that maximum mass, when analyzed with modern equations of state, implies that Newton's gravitational constant in the star cannot exceed its value on Earth by more than 8% at 95% confidence level. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Complutense Madrid,

^{2}Univ. Complutense Madrid,

^{3}Univ. Complutense Madrid

We study the bulk viscosity of a pion gas in unitarized Chiral Perturbation Theory at low and moderate temperatures, below any phase transition to a quark-gluon plasma phase. We argue that inelastic processes are irrelevant and exponentially suppressed at low temperatures. Since the system falls out of chemical equilibrium upon expansion,a pion chemical potential must be introduced, so we extend the existing theory to include it. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Complutense Madrid,

^{2}Univ. Complutense Madrid,

^{3}Univ. Complutense Madrid

We show how the measurement of appropriately constructed particle-energy/momentum correlations allows access to the bulk viscosity of strongly interacting hadron matter in heavy ion collisions. This measurement can be performed by the LHC and RHIC experiments in events with high-particle multiplicity, following up on existing estimates of the shear viscosity based on elliptic flow. Read More

Annihilation of different dark matter (DM) candidates into Standard Model (SM) particles could be detected through their contribution to the gamma ray fluxes that are measured on the Earth. The magnitude of such contributions depends on the particular DM candidate, but certain imprints of produced photon spectra may be analyzed in a model-independent fashion. In this work we provide the fitting formulae for the photon spectra generated by WIMP annihilation into quarks, leptons and gauge bosons channels in a wide range of WIMP masses. Read More

In this work we provide the fitting formula valid for the simulated photon spectra from WIMP annihilation into light quark-anti quark (qq-) channels in a wide range of WIMP masses. We illustrate our results for the cc- channel. Read More

We introduce the concept of viscosity (both shear and bulk) in the context of hadron physics and in particular the meson gas, highlighting the current theoretical efforts to connect possible measurements of the viscosities to underlying physics such as a phase transition or the trace anomaly. Read More

Probably the most enticing observation in theoretical physics during the last decade was the discovery of the great amount of consequences obtained from the AdS/CFT conjecture put forward by Maldacena. In this work we review how this correspondence can be used to address hydrodynamic properties such as the viscosity of some strongly interacting systems. We also employ the Boltzmann equation for those systems closer to low-energy QCD, and argue that this kind of transport coefficients can be related to phase transitions, in particular the QGP/hadronic phase transition studied in heavy ion collisions. Read More

If the present dark matter in the Universe annihilates into Standard Model particles, it must contribute to the fluxes of cosmic rays that are detected on the Earth, and in particular, to the observed gamma ray fluxes. The magnitude of such contribution depends on the particular dark matter candidate, but certain features of the produced photon spectra may be analyzed in a rather model-independent fashion. In this work we provide the complete photon spectra coming from WIMP annihilation into Standard Model particle-antiparticle pairs obtained by extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Read More

In the context of $f(R)$ gravity theories, the issue of finding static and spherically symmetric black hole solutions is addressed. Two approaches to study the existence of such solutions are considered: first, constant curvature solutions, and second, the general case (without imposing constant curvature) is also studied. Performing a perturbative expansion around the Einstein-Hilbert action, it is found that only solutions of the Schwarzschild-(Anti-) de Sitter type are present (up to second order in perturbations) and the explicit expressions for these solutions are provided in terms of the $f(R)$ function. Read More

A modified f(R) gravity model has been recently proposed in Phys. Rev. Lett. Read More

We reexamine the possibility of employing the viscosity over entropy density ratio as a diagnostic tool to identify a phase transition in hadron physics to the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma and other circumstances where direct measurement of the order parameter or the free energy may be difficult. It has been conjectured that the minimum of eta/s does indeed occur at the phase transition. We now make a careful assessment in a controled theoretical framework, the Linear Sigma Model at large-N, and indeed find that the minimum of eta/s occurs near the second order phase transition of the model due to the rapid variation of the order parameter (here the sigma vacuum expectation value) at a temperature slightly smaller than the critical one. Read More

In the context of $f(R)$ theories of gravity, we address the problem of finding static and spherically symmetric black hole solutions. Several aspects of constant curvature solutions with and without electric charge are discussed. We also study the general case (without imposing constant curvature). Read More

**Authors:**Antonio Dobado

^{1}, Lourdes Tabares-Cheluci

^{2}, Siannah Penaranda

^{3}, Javier Rodriguez-Laguna

^{4}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Madrid U.,

^{2}Madrid U.,

^{3}Zaragoza U.,

^{4}Carlos III U.

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

In this work we compute the radiative corrections to the Higgs mass and the Higgs quartic couplings coming from the Higgs sector itself and the scalar fields $\phi$ in the Littlest Higgs (LH) model. The restrictions that the new contributions set on the parameter space of the models are also discussed. Finally this work, together with our three previous papers, complete our program addressed to compute the relevant contributions to the Higgs low-energy effective potential in the LH model and the analysis of their phenomenological consequences. Read More

In the context of f(R) theories of gravity, we study the cosmological evolution of scalar perturbations by using a completely general procedure. We find that the exact fourth-order differential equation for the matter density perturbations in the longitudinal gauge, reduces to a second-order equation for sub-Hubble modes. This simplification is compared with the standard (quasi-static) equation used in the literature. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}U. Complutense Madrid,

^{2}U. Complutense Madrid,

^{3}U. Complutense Madrid

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The viscosity over entropy density ratio, or KSS number, can help isolate the critical point in the hadron phase-diagram in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions. We argue that this quantity does have a minimum at a phase transition or crossover. Although indications from conventional non-relativistic gases point out to even a divergence in eta/s when the phase-transition is first-order, since the critical exponent is rather low, this will be more difficult to ascertain in RHIC or FAIR. Read More

In this work we briefly review the Kovtun-Son-Starinet (KSS) computation of the ratio eta/s for quantum field theories with gravitational dual and the related conjecture that it is bound from below by 1/(4 pi). We discuss the validity of the bound and the nature of its possible violations, its relevance for RHIC, its connection with phase transitions and other related issues. Read More

We present a calculation of eta/s for the meson gas (zero baryon number), with the viscosity computed within unitarized NLO chiral perturbation theory, and confirm the observation that eta/s decreases towards the possible phase transition to a quark-gluon plasma/liquid. The value is somewhat higher than previously estimated in LO chi PT. We also examine the case of atomic Argon gas to check the discontinuity of eta/s across a first order phase transition. Read More

One of the most striking features found in the cosmic microwave background data is the presence of an anomalous Cold Spot (CS) in the temperature maps made by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP). This CS has been interpreted as the result of the presence of a collapsing texture, perhaps coming from some early universe Grand Unified Theory (GUT) phase transition. In this work we propose an alternative explanation based on a completely different kind of texture which appears in a natural way in a broad class of brane-world models. Read More

In the context of $f(R)$ theories of gravity, we study the evolution of scalar cosmological perturbations in the metric formalism. Using a completely general procedure, we find the exact fourth-order differential equation for the matter density perturbations in the longitudinal gauge. In the case of sub-Hubble modes, the expression reduces to a second-order equation which is compared with the standard (quasi-static) equation used in the literature. Read More

We examine the effect of cold dark matter on the discrimination between the two enantiomers of a chiral molecule. We estimate the energy difference between the two enantiomers due to the interaction between fermionic WIMPs (weak interacting massive particles) and molecular electrons on the basis that electrons have opposite helicities in opposite enantiomers. It is found that this energy difference is completely negligible. Read More

In this work we review briefly the origin and history of the cosmological constant and its recent reincarnation in the form of the dark energy component of the universe. We also comment on the fundamental problems associated to its existence and magnitude which require and urgent solution for the sake of the internal consistency of theoretical physics. Read More

We compute the relevant parameters of the combined Higgs and \phi scalar effective potential in the Littlest Higgs (LH) model. These parameters are obtained as the sum of two kind of contributions. The first one is the one-loop radiative corrections coming from fermions and gauge bosons. Read More

It has been suggested that our universe could be a 3-dimensional brane where the SM fields live embedded in a D-dimensional space-time. In flexible raneworlds, in addition to the SM fields, new degrees of freedom appear on the brane associated to brane fluctuations. These new fields, known as branons, are standard WIMPs (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles) and therefore natural dark matter candidates, whose spontaneous annihilations can provide first evidences for this scenario. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}U. Complutense Madrid,

^{2}U. Complutense Madrid

A computation of the quotient of shear viscosity to entropy density, or KSS number $\eta/s$ is performed, in the non-relativistic and classical regime, first in Chiral Perturbation Theory, and then in the $SO(g+1)/SO(g)$ Non-Linear Sigma Model in the large $g$ limit. Both are field theories stemming from a renormalizable Sigma Model but in spite of that, we explicitly calculate how one undercomes the KSS bound by increasing the number of degenerate pions sufficiently. However we argue that particle production could still keep the validity of the KSS bound in the weak sense. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Madrid U.,

^{2}Madrid U.,

^{3}IFIC

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

In this work we compute the contributions to the Higgs effective potential coming from the fermion and gauge boson sectors at the one-loop level in the context of the SU(5)/SO(5) Littlest Higgs (LH) model using a cutoff Lambda and including all finite parts. We consider both, the (SU(2)xU(1))_{1} x (SU(2)xU(1))_{2} and the (SU(2)xU(1))_{1} x (SU(2)xU(1)) gauge group versions of the LH model. We also show that the Goldstone bosons present in the model do not contribute to the effective potential at the one-loop level. Read More

In extra-dimensional brane-world models with low tension, brane excitations provide a natural WIMP candidate for dark matter. Taking into account the various constraints coming from colliders, precision observables and direct search, we explore the possibilities for indirect search of the galactic halo branons through their photon producing annihilations in experiments such as EGRET, HESS or AMS2. Read More