A. Bolozdynya - National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia

A. Bolozdynya
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A. Bolozdynya
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National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia
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Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (15)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (14)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (9)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (6)
 
Astrophysics (5)
 
Nuclear Experiment (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)

Publications Authored By A. Bolozdynya

2017Mar
Authors: B. J. Mount, S. Hans, R. Rosero, M. Yeh, C. Chan, R. J. Gaitskell, D. Q. Huang, J. Makkinje, D. C. Malling, M. Pangilinan, C. A. Rhyne, W. C. Taylor, J. R. Verbus, Y. D. Kim, H. S. Lee, J. Lee, D. S. Leonard, J. Li, J. Belle, A. Cottle, W. H. Lippincott, D. J. Markley, T. J. Martin, M. Sarychev, T. E. Tope, M. Utes, R. Wang, I. Young, H. M. Araújo, A. J. Bailey, D. Bauer, D. Colling, A. Currie, S. Fayer, F. Froborg, S. Greenwood, W. G. Jones, V. Kasey, M. Khaleeq, I. Olcina, B. López Paredes, A. Richards, T. J. Sumner, A. Tomás, A. Vacheret, P. Brás, A. Lindote, M. I. Lopes, F. Neves, J. P. Rodrigues, C. Silva, V. N. Solovov, M. J. Barry, A. Cole, A. Dobi, W. R. Edwards, C. H. Faham, S. Fiorucci, N. J. Gantos, V. M. Gehman, M. G. D. Gilchriese, K. Hanzel, M. D. Hoff, K. Kamdin, K. T. Lesko, C. T. McConnell, K. O'Sullivan, K. C. Oliver-Mallory, S. J. Patton, J. S. Saba, P. Sorensen, K. J. Thomas, C. E. Tull, W. L. Waldron, M. S. Witherell, A. Bernstein, K. Kazkaz, J. Xu, D. Yu. Akimov, A. I. Bolozdynya, A. V. Khromov, A. M. Konovalov, A. V. Kumpan, V. V. Sosnovtsev, C. E. Dahl, D. Temples, M. C. Carmona-Benitez, L. de Viveiros, D. S. Akerib, H. Auyeung, T. P. Biesiadzinski, M. Breidenbach, R. Bramante, R. Conley, W. W. Craddock, A. Fan, A. Hau, C. M. Ignarra, W. Ji, H. J. Krebs, R. Linehan, C. Lee, S. Luitz, E. Mizrachi, M. E. Monzani, F. G. O'Neill, S. Pierson, M. Racine, B. N. Ratcliff, G. W. Shutt, T. A. Shutt, K. Skarpaas, K. Stifter, W. H. To, J. Va'vra, T. J. Whitis, W. J. Wisniewski, X. Bai, R. Bunker, R. Coughlen, C. Hjemfelt, R. Leonard, E. H. Miller, E. Morrison, J. Reichenbacher, R. W. Schnee, M. R. Stark, K. Sundarnath, D. R. Tiedt, M. Timalsina, P. Bauer, B. Carlson, M. Horn, M. Johnson, J. Keefner, C. Maupin, D. J. Taylor, S. Balashov, P. Ford, V. Francis, E. Holtom, A. Khazov, A. Kaboth, P. Majewski, J. A. Nikkel, J. O'Dell, R. M. Preece, M. G. D. van der Grinten, S. D. Worm, R. L. Mannino, T. M. Stiegler, P. A. Terman, R. C. Webb, C. Levy, J. Mock, M. Szydagis, J. K. Busenitz, M. Elnimr, J. Y-K. Hor, Y. Meng, A. Piepke, I. Stancu, L. Kreczko, B. Krikler, B. Penning, E. P. Bernard, R. G. Jacobsen, D. N. McKinsey, R. Watson, J. E. Cutter, S. El-Jurf, R. M. Gerhard, D. Hemer, S. Hillbrand, B. Holbrook, B. G. Lenardo, A. G. Manalaysay, J. A. Morad, S. Stephenson, J. A. Thomson, M. Tripathi, S. Uvarov, S. J. Haselschwardt, S. Kyre, C. Nehrkorn, H. N. Nelson, M. Solmaz, D. T. White, M. Cascella, J. E. Y. Dobson, C. Ghag, X. Liu, L. Manenti, L. Reichhart, S. Shaw, U. Utku, P. Beltrame, T. J. R. Davison, M. F. Marzioni, A. St. J. Murphy, A. Nilima, B. Boxer, S. Burdin, A. Greenall, S. Powell, H. J. Rose, P. Sutcliffe, J. Balajthy, T. K. Edberg, C. R. Hall, J. S. Silk, S. Hertel, C. W. Akerlof, M. Arthurs, W. Lorenzon, K. Pushkin, M. Schubnell, K. E. Boast, C. Carels, T. Fruth, H. Kraus, F. -T. Liao, J. Lin, P. R. Scovell, E. Druszkiewicz, D. Khaitan, M. Koyuncu, W. Skulski, F. L. H. Wolfs, J. Yin, E. V. Korolkova, V. A. Kudryavtsev, P. Rossiter, D. Woodward, A. A. Chiller, C. Chiller, D. -M. Mei, L. Wang, W. -Z. Wei, M. While, C. Zhang, S. K. Alsum, T. Benson, D. L. Carlsmith, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Dasu, G. Gregerson, B. Gomber, A. Pagac, K. J. Palladino, C. O. Vuosalo, Q. Xiao, J. H. Buckley, V. V. Bugaev, M. A. Olevitch, E. M. Boulton, W. T. Emmet, T. W. Hurteau, N. A. Larsen, E. K. Pease, B. P. Tennyson, L. Tvrznikova

In this Technical Design Report (TDR) we describe the LZ detector to be built at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF). The LZ dark matter experiment is designed to achieve sensitivity to a WIMP-nucleon spin-independent cross section of three times ten to the negative forty-eighth square centimeters. Read More

2017Feb
Authors: D. S. Akerib, C. W. Akerlof, D. Yu. Akimov, S. K. Alsum, H. M. Araújo, I. J. Arnquist, M. Arthurs, X. Bai, A. J. Bailey, J. Balajthy, S. Balashov, M. J. Barry, J. Belle, P. Beltrame, T. Benson, E. P. Bernard, A. Bernstein, T. P. Biesiadzinski, K. E. Boast, A. Bolozdynya, B. Boxer, R. Bramante, P. Brás, J. H. Buckley, V. V. Bugaev, R. Bunker, S. Burdin, J. K. Busenitz, C. Carels, D. L. Carlsmith, B. Carlson, M. C. Carmona-Benitez, C. Chan, J. J. Cherwinka, A. A. Chiller, C. Chiller, A. Cottle, R. Coughlen, W. W. Craddock, A. Currie, C. E. Dahl, T. J. R. Davison, A. Dobi, J. E. Y. Dobson, E. Druszkiewicz, T. K. Edberg, W. R. Edwards, W. T. Emmet, C. H. Faham, S. Fiorucci, T. Fruth, R. J. Gaitskell, N. J. Gantos, V. M. Gehman, R. M. Gerhard, C. Ghag, M. G. D. Gilchriese, B. Gomber, C. R. Hall, S. Hans, K. Hanzel, S. J. Haselschwardt, S. A. Hertel, S. Hillbrand, C. Hjemfelt, M. D. Hoff, B. Holbrook, E. Holtom, E. W. Hoppe, J. Y-K. Hor, M. Horn, D. Q. Huang, T. W. Hurteau, C. M. Ignarra, R. G. Jacobsen, W. Ji, A. Kaboth, K. Kamdin, K. Kazkaz, D. Khaitan, A. Khazov, A. V. Khromov, A. M. Konovalov, E. V. Korolkova, M. Koyuncu, H. Kraus, H. J. Krebs, V. A. Kudryavtsev, A. V. Kumpan, S. Kyre, C. Lee, H. S. Lee, J. Lee, D. S. Leonard, R. Leonard, K. T. Lesko, C. Levy, F. -T. Liao, J. Lin, A. Lindote, R. E. Linehan, W. H. Lippincott, X. Liu, M. I. Lopes, B. Lopez Paredes, W. Lorenzon, S. Luitz, P. Majewski, A. Manalaysay, L. Manenti, R. L. Mannino, D. J. Markley, T. J. Martin, M. F. Marzioni, C. T. McConnell, D. N. McKinsey, D. -M. Mei, Y. Meng, E. H. Miller, E. Mizrachi, J. Mock, M. E. Monzani, J. A. Morad, B. J. Mount, A. St. J. Murphy, C. Nehrkorn, H. N. Nelson, F. Neves, J. A. Nikkel, J. O'Dell, K. O'Sullivan, I. Olcina, M. A. Olevitch, K. C. Oliver-Mallory, K. J. Palladino, E. K. Pease, A. Piepke, S. Powell, R. M. Preece, K. Pushkin, B. N. Ratcliff, J. Reichenbacher, L. Reichhart, C. A. Rhyne, A. Richards, J. P. Rodrigues, H. J. Rose, R. Rosero, P. Rossiter, J. S. Saba, M. Sarychev, R. W. Schnee, M. Schubnell, P. R. Scovell, S. Shaw, T. A. Shutt, C. Silva, K. Skarpaas, W. Skulski, M. Solmaz, V. N. Solovov, P. Sorensen, V. V. Sosnovtsev, I. Stancu, M. R. Stark, S. Stephenson, T. M. Stiegler, K. Stifter, T. J. Sumner, M. Szydagis, D. J. Taylor, W. C. Taylor, D. Temples, P. A. Terman, K. J. Thomas, J. A. Thomson, D. R. Tiedt, M. Timalsina, W. H. To, A. Tomás, T. E. Tope, M. Tripathi, L. Tvrznikova, J. Va'vra, A. Vacheret, M. G. D. van der Grinten, J. R. Verbus, C. O. Vuosalo, W. L. Waldron, R. Wang, R. Watson, R. C. Webb, W. -Z. Wei, M. While, D. T. White, T. J. Whitis, W. J. Wisniewski, M. S. Witherell, F. L. H. Wolfs, D. Woodward, S. Worm, J. Xu, M. Yeh, J. Yin, C. Zhang

The LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) experiment will search for dark matter particle interactions with a detector containing a total of 10 tonnes of liquid xenon within a double-vessel cryostat. The large mass and proximity of the cryostat to the active detector volume demand the use of material with extremely low intrinsic radioactivity. We report on the radioassay campaign conducted to identify suitable metals, the determination of factors limiting radiopure production, and the selection of titanium for construction of the LZ cryostat and other detector components. Read More

Krypton-85 is an anthropogenic beta-decaying isotope which produces low energy backgrounds in dark matter and neutrino experiments, especially those based upon liquid xenon. Several technologies have been developed to reduce the Kr concentration in such experiments. We propose to augment those separation technologies by first adding to the xenon an 85Kr-free sample of krypton in an amount much larger than the natural krypton that is already present. Read More

The COHERENT collaboration's primary objective is to measure coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) using the unique, high-quality source of tens-of-MeV neutrinos provided by the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In spite of its large cross section, the CEvNS process has never been observed, due to tiny energies of the resulting nuclear recoils which are out of reach for standard neutrino detectors. The measurement of CEvNS has now become feasible, thanks to the development of ultra-sensitive technology for rare decay and weakly-interacting massive particle (dark matter) searches. Read More

2015Sep
Authors: The LZ Collaboration, D. S. Akerib, C. W. Akerlof, D. Yu. Akimov, S. K. Alsum, H. M. Araújo, X. Bai, A. J. Bailey, J. Balajthy, S. Balashov, M. J. Barry, P. Bauer, P. Beltrame, E. P. Bernard, A. Bernstein, T. P. Biesiadzinski, K. E. Boast, A. I. Bolozdynya, E. M. Boulton, R. Bramante, J. H. Buckley, V. V. Bugaev, R. Bunker, S. Burdin, J. K. Busenitz, C. Carels, D. L. Carlsmith, B. Carlson, M. C. Carmona-Benitez, M. Cascella, C. Chan, J. J. Cherwinka, A. A. Chiller, C. Chiller, W. W. Craddock, A. Currie, J. E. Cutter, J. P. da Cunha, C. E. Dahl, S. Dasu, T. J. R. Davison, L. de Viveiros, A. Dobi, J. E. Y. Dobson, E. Druszkiewicz, T. K. Edberg, B. N. Edwards, W. R. Edwards, M. M. Elnimr, W. T. Emmet, C. H. Faham, S. Fiorucci, P. Ford, V. B. Francis, C. Fu, R. J. Gaitskell, N. J. Gantos, V. M. Gehman, R. M. Gerhard, C. Ghag, M. G. D. Gilchriese, B. Gomber, C. R. Hall, A. Harris, S. J. Haselschwardt, S. A. Hertel, M. D. Hoff, B. Holbrook, E. Holtom, D. Q. Huang, T. W. Hurteau, C. M. Ignarra, R. G. Jacobsen, W. Ji, X. Ji, M. Johnson, Y. Ju, K. Kamdin, K. Kazkaz, D. Khaitan, A. Khazov, A. V. Khromov, A. M. Konovalov, E. V. Korolkova, H. Kraus, H. J. Krebs, V. A. Kudryavtsev, A. V. Kumpan, S. Kyre, N. A. Larsen, C. Lee, B. G. Lenardo, K. T. Lesko, F. -T. Liao, J. Lin, A. Lindote, W. H. Lippincott, J. Liu, X. Liu, M. I. Lopes, W. Lorenzon, S. Luitz, P. Majewski, D. C. Malling, A. G. Manalaysay, L. Manenti, R. L. Mannino, D. J. Markley, T. J. Martin, M. F. Marzioni, D. N. McKinsey, D. -M. Mei, Y. Meng, E. H. Miller, J. Mock, M. E. Monzani, J. A. Morad, A. St. J. Murphy, H. N. Nelson, F. Neves, J. A. Nikkel, F. G. O'Neill, J. O'Dell, K. O'Sullivan, M. A. Olevitch, K. C. Oliver-Mallory, K. J. Palladino, M. Pangilinan, S. J. Patton, E. K. Pease, A. Piepke, S. Powell, R. M. Preece, K. Pushkin, B. N. Ratcliff, J. Reichenbacher, L. Reichhart, C. Rhyne, J. P. Rodrigues, H. J. Rose, R. Rosero, J. S. Saba, M. Sarychev, R. W. Schnee, M. S. G. Schubnell, P. R. Scovell, S. Shaw, T. A. Shutt, C. Silva, K. Skarpaas, W. Skulski, V. N. Solovov, P. Sorensen, V. V. Sosnovtsev, I. Stancu, M. R. Stark, S. Stephenson, T. M. Stiegler, T. J. Sumner, K. Sundarnath, M. Szydagis, D. J. Taylor, W. Taylor, B. P. Tennyson, P. A. Terman, K. J. Thomas, J. A. Thomson, D. R. Tiedt, W. H. To, A. Tomás, M. Tripathi, C. E. Tull, L. Tvrznikova, S. Uvarov, J. Va'vra, M. G. D. van der Grinten, J. R. Verbus, C. O. Vuosalo, W. L. Waldron, L. Wang, R. C. Webb, W. -Z. Wei, M. While, D. T. White, T. J. Whitis, W. J. Wisniewski, M. S. Witherell, F. L. H. Wolfs, E. Woods, D. Woodward, S. D. Worm, M. Yeh, J. Yin, S. K. Young, C. Zhang

The design and performance of the LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) detector is described as of March 2015 in this Conceptual Design Report. LZ is a second-generation dark-matter detector with the potential for unprecedented sensitivity to weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) of masses from a few GeV/c2 to hundreds of TeV/c2. With total liquid xenon mass of about 10 tonnes, LZ will be the most sensitive experiment for WIMPs in this mass region by the end of the decade. Read More

We have shown that high voltage biased Hamamatsu R11410-20 photomultipliers with a dark count rate above 10 kHz emit single photons. The effect has been observed in a few units at room temperature and temperatures reduced down to -60 degrees Celsius. The effect should be taken into account in experiments aimed on search for rare events with small energy depositions in massive liquid xenon detectors. Read More

We present the results of the first experimental study of ionization yield of electron recoils with energies below 100 keV produced in liquid xenon by the isotopes: 37Ar, 83mKr, 241Am, 129Xe, 131Xe. It is confirmed by a direct measurement with 37Ar isotope (2.82 keV) that the ionization yield is growing up with the energy decrease in the energy range below ~ 10 keV accordingly to the NEST predictions. Read More

2013Oct

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment, a dual-phase xenon time-projection chamber operating at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (Lead, South Dakota), was cooled and filled in February 2013. We report results of the first WIMP search dataset, taken during the period April to August 2013, presenting the analysis of 85.3 live-days of data with a fiducial volume of 118 kg. Read More

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, provides an intense flux of neutrinos in the few tens-of-MeV range, with a sharply-pulsed timing structure that is beneficial for background rejection. In this white paper, we describe how the SNS source can be used for a measurement of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS), and the physics reach of different phases of such an experimental program (CSI: Coherent Scattering Investigations at the SNS). Read More

2012Dec
Affiliations: 1National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 2National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 3National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Russia, 4National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 5National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 6National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 7National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 8National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 9Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Russia, 10National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 11SSC RF Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Russia, 12National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 13National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 14National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 15National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 16National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 17National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 18National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 19National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 20National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 21National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 22National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 23National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 24National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 25National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 26National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 27National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Russia, 28National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 29National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 30National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 31National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Russia, 32National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 33National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Russia, 34National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Russia, 35National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 36National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 37National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 38National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 39National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 40National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 41National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 42National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Russia, 43National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Russia, 44National Nuclear Research University, MEPhI, Russia, 45SSC RF Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Russia

We propose to detect and to study neutrino neutral current coherent scattering off atomic nuclei with a two-phase emission detector using liquid xenon as a working medium. Expected signals and backgrounds are calculated for two possible experimental sites: Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant in the Russian Federation and Spallation Neutron Source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the USA. Both sites have advantages as well as limitations. Read More

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, provides an intense flux of neutrinos in the few tens-of-MeV range, with a sharply-pulsed timing structure that is beneficial for background rejection. In this document, the product of a workshop at the SNS in May 2012, we describe this free, high-quality stopped-pion neutrino source and outline various physics that could be done using it. We describe without prioritization some specific experimental configurations that could address these physics topics. Read More

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) collaboration has designed and constructed a dual-phase xenon detector, in order to conduct a search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles(WIMPs), a leading dark matter candidate. The goal of the LUX detector is to clearly detect (or exclude) WIMPS with a spin independent cross section per nucleon of $2\times 10^{-46}$ cm$^{2}$, equivalent to $\sim$1 event/100 kg/month in the inner 100-kg fiducial volume (FV) of the 370-kg detector. The overall background goals are set to have $<$1 background events characterized as possible WIMPs in the FV in 300 days of running. Read More

The LUX (Large Underground Xenon) detector is a two-phase xenon Time Projection Chamber (TPC) designed to search for WIMP-nucleon dark matter interactions. As with all noble element detectors, continuous purification of the detector medium is essential to produce a large ($>$1ms) electron lifetime; this is necessary for efficient measurement of the electron signal which in turn is essential for achieving robust discrimination of signal from background events. In this paper we describe the development of a novel purification system deployed in a prototype detector. Read More

We show that the energy threshold for nuclear recoils in the XENON10 dark matter search data can be lowered to ~1 keV, by using only the ionization signal. In other words, we make no requirement that a valid event contain a primary scintillation signal. We therefore relinquish incident particle type discrimination, which is based on the ratio of ionization to scintillation in liquid xenon. Read More

Data taken during the final shallow-site run of the first tower of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS II) detectors have been reanalyzed with improved sensitivity to small energy depositions. Four ~224 g germanium and two ~105 g silicon detectors were operated at the Stanford Underground Facility (SUF) between December 2001 and June 2002, yielding 118 live days of raw exposure. Three of the germanium and both silicon detectors were analyzed with a new low-threshold technique, making it possible to lower the germanium and silicon analysis thresholds down to the actual trigger thresholds of ~1 keV and ~2 keV, respectively. Read More

2010Jan
Affiliations: 1XENON Collaboration, 2XENON Collaboration, 3XENON Collaboration, 4XENON Collaboration, 5XENON Collaboration, 6XENON Collaboration, 7XENON Collaboration, 8XENON Collaboration, 9XENON Collaboration, 10XENON Collaboration, 11XENON Collaboration, 12XENON Collaboration, 13XENON Collaboration, 14XENON Collaboration, 15XENON Collaboration, 16XENON Collaboration, 17XENON Collaboration, 18XENON Collaboration, 19XENON Collaboration, 20XENON Collaboration, 21XENON Collaboration, 22XENON Collaboration, 23XENON Collaboration, 24XENON Collaboration, 25XENON Collaboration, 26XENON Collaboration, 27XENON Collaboration, 28XENON Collaboration, 29XENON Collaboration, 30XENON Collaboration, 31XENON Collaboration, 32XENON Collaboration, 33XENON Collaboration, 34XENON Collaboration, 35XENON Collaboration, 36XENON Collaboration, 37XENON Collaboration, 38XENON Collaboration, 39XENON Collaboration

XENON10 is the first two-phase xenon time projection chamber (TPC) developed within the XENON dark matter search program. The TPC, with an active liquid xenon (LXe) mass of about 14 kg, was installed at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory (LNGS) in Italy, and operated for more than one year, with excellent stability and performance. Results from a dark matter search with XENON10 have been published elsewhere. Read More

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) dark matter search experiment is currently being deployed at the Homestake Laboratory in South Dakota. We will highlight the main elements of design which make the experiment a very strong competitor in the field of direct detection, as well as an easily scalable concept. We will also present its potential reach for supersymmetric dark matter detection, within various timeframes ranging from 1 year to 5 years or more. Read More

It has been suggested that dark matter particles which scatter inelastically from detector target nuclei could explain the apparent incompatibility of the DAMA modulation signal (interpreted as evidence for particle dark matter) with the null results from CDMS-II and XENON10. Among the predictions of inelastically interacting dark matter are a suppression of low-energy events, and a population of nuclear recoil events at higher nuclear recoil equivalent energies. This is in stark contrast to the well-known expectation of a falling exponential spectrum for the case of elastic interactions. Read More

The energy and electric field dependence of pulse shape discrimination in liquid xenon have been measured in a 10 gm two-phase xenon time projection chamber. We have demonstrated the use of the pulse shape and charge-to-light ratio simultaneously to obtain a leakage below that achievable by either discriminant alone. A Monte Carlo is used to show that the dominant fluctuation in the pulse shape quantity is statistical in nature, and project the performance of these techniques in larger detectors. Read More

XENON10 is an experiment designed to directly detect particle dark matter. It is a dual phase (liquid/gas) xenon time-projection chamber with 3D position imaging. Particle interactions generate a primary scintillation signal (S1) and ionization signal (S2), which are both functions of the deposited recoil energy and the incident particle type. Read More

XENON10 is an experiment to directly detect weakly interacting massive particle (WIMPs), which may comprise the bulk of the non-baryonic dark matter in our Universe. We report new results for spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon interactions with 129-Xe and 131-Xe from 58.6 live-days of operation at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS). Read More

The XENON10 experiment at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory uses a 15 kg xenon dual phase time projection chamber (XeTPC) to search for dark matter weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). The detector measures simultaneously the scintillation and the ionization produced by radiation in pure liquid xenon, to discriminate signal from background down to 4.5 keV nuclear recoil energy. Read More

2006Sep
Affiliations: 1XENON Collaboration, 2XENON Collaboration, 3XENON Collaboration, 4XENON Collaboration, 5XENON Collaboration, 6XENON Collaboration, 7XENON Collaboration, 8XENON Collaboration, 9XENON Collaboration, 10XENON Collaboration, 11XENON Collaboration, 12XENON Collaboration, 13XENON Collaboration, 14XENON Collaboration, 15XENON Collaboration, 16XENON Collaboration, 17XENON Collaboration, 18XENON Collaboration, 19XENON Collaboration, 20XENON Collaboration, 21XENON Collaboration, 22XENON Collaboration, 23XENON Collaboration, 24XENON Collaboration, 25XENON Collaboration, 26XENON Collaboration, 27XENON Collaboration, 28XENON Collaboration, 29XENON Collaboration, 30XENON Collaboration, 31XENON Collaboration, 32XENON Collaboration, 33XENON Collaboration
Category: Astrophysics

The technique to realize 3D position sensitivity in a two-phase xenon time projection chamber (XeTPC) for dark matter search is described. Results from a prototype detector (XENON3) are presented. Read More

We extend the study of the performance of a prototype two-phase liquid xenon WIMP dark matter detector to recoil energies below 20 keV. We demonstrate a new method for obtaining the best estimate of the energies of events using a calibrated sum of charge and light signals and introduce the corresponding discrimination parameter, giving its mean value at 4 kV/cm for electron and nuclear recoils up to 300 and 100 keV, respectively. We show that fluctuations in recombination limit discrimination for most energies, and reveal an improvement in discrimination below 20 keV due to a surprising increase in ionization yield for low energy electron recoils. Read More